Browsing by Author "Adler, Christiane"
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- ItemPhotodoping and Fast Charge Extraction in Ionic Carbon Nitride Photoanodes(Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, 2021) Adler, Christiane; Selim, Shababa; Krivtsov, Igor; Li, Chunyu; Mitoraj, Dariusz; Dietzek, Benjamin; Durrant, James R.; Beranek, RadimIonic carbon nitrides based on poly(heptazine imides) (PHI) represent a vigorously studied class of materials with possible applications in photocatalysis and energy storage. Herein, for the first time, the photogenerated charge dynamics in highly stable and binder-free PHI photoanodes using in operando transient photocurrents and spectroelectrochemical photoinduced absorption measurements is studied. It is discovered that light-induced accumulation of long-lived trapped electrons within the PHI film leads to effective photodoping of the PHI film, resulting in a significant improvement of photocurrent response due to more efficient electron transport. While photodoping is previously reported for various semiconductors, it has not been shown before for carbon nitride materials. Furthermore, it is found that the extraction kinetics of untrapped electrons are remarkably fast in these PHI photoanodes, with electron extraction times (ms) comparable to those measured for commonly employed metal oxide semiconductors. These results shed light on the excellent performance of PHI photoanodes in alcohol photoreforming, including very negative photocurrent onset, outstanding fill factor, and the possibility to operate under zero-bias conditions. More generally, the here reported photodoping effect and fast electron extraction in PHI photoanodes establish a strong rationale for the use of PHI films in various applications, such as bias-free photoelectrochemistry or photobatteries. © 2021 The Authors. Advanced Functional Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH
- ItemWater-Soluble Polymeric Carbon Nitride Colloidal Nanoparticles for Highly Selective Quasi-Homogeneous Photocatalysis(Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, 2019) Krivtsov, Igor; Mitoraj, Dariusz; Adler, Christiane; Ilkaeva, Marina; Sardo, Mariana; Mafra, Luis; Neumann, Christof; Turchanin, Andrey; Li, Chunyu; Dietzek, Benjamin; Leiter, Robert; Biskupek, Johannes; Kaiser, Ute; Im, Changbin; Kirchhoff, Björn; Jacob, Timo; Beranek, RadimHeptazine-based polymeric carbon nitrides (PCN) are promising photocatalysts for light-driven redox transformations. However, their activity is hampered by low surface area resulting in low concentration of accessible active sites. Herein, we report a bottom-up preparation of PCN nanoparticles with a narrow size distribution (ca. 10±3 nm), which are fully soluble in water showing no gelation or precipitation over several months. They allow photocatalysis to be carried out under quasi-homogeneous conditions. The superior performance of water-soluble PCN, compared to conventional solid PCN, is shown in photocatalytic H2O2 production via reduction of oxygen accompanied by highly selective photooxidation of 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol and benzyl alcohol or lignocellulose-derived feedstock (ethanol, glycerol, glucose). The dissolved photocatalyst can be easily recovered and re-dissolved by simple modulation of the ionic strength of the medium, without any loss of activity and selectivity. © 2019 The Authors. Published by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.