Browsing by Author "Bergé, Luc"
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- Item3D numerical simulations of THz generation by two-color laser filaments(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2012) Bergé, Luc; Skupin, Stefan; Köhler, Christian; Babushkin, Ihar; Herrmann, JoachimTerahertz (THz) radiation produced by the filamentation of two-color pulses over long distances in argon is numerically investigated using a comprehensive model in full spacetime resolved geometry. We show that the dominant physical mechanism for THz generation in the filamentation regime at clamping intensity is based on quasi-dc plasma currents. The calculated THz spectra for different pump pulse energies and pulse durations are in agreement with previously reported experimental observations. For the same pulse parameters, near-infrared pump pulses at 2 m are shown to generate a more than one order of magnitude larger THz yield than pumps centered at 800 nm.
- ItemDirectionality of THz emission from photoinduced gas plasmas(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2011) Köhler, Christian; Cabrera-Granado, Eduardo; Babushkin, Ihar; Bergé, Luc; Herrmann, Joachim; Skupin, StefanForward and backward THz emission by ionizing two-color laser pulses in gas is investigated by means of a simple semi-analytical model based on Jefimenko's equation and rigorous Maxwell simulations in one and two dimensions. We find the emission in backward direction having a much smaller spectral bandwidth than in forward direction and explain this by interference effects. Forward THz radiation is generated predominantly at the ionization front and is thus almost not affected by the opacity of the plasma, in excellent agreement with results obtained from a unidirectional pulse propagation model.
- ItemFilamentary pulse self-compression : the impact of the cell windows(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2011) Brée, Carsten; Demircan, Ayhan; Bethge, Jens; Nibbering, Erik T.J.; Skupin, Stefan; Bergé, Luc; Steinmeyer, GünterSelf-compression of multi-millijoule laser pulses during filamentary propagation is usually explained by the interplay of self-focusing and defocusing effects, causing a substantial concentration of energy on the axis of the propagating optical pulse. Recently, it has been argued that cell windows may play a decisive role in the self-compression mechanism. As such windows have to be used for media other than air their presence is often unavoidable, yet they present a sudden non-adiabatic change in dispersion and nonlinearity that should lead to a destruction of the temporal and spatial integrity of the light bullets generated in the self-compression mechanism. We now experimentally prove that there is in fact a self-healing mechanism that helps to overcome the potentially destructive consequences of the cell windows. We show in two carefully conducted experiments that the cell window position decisively influences activation or inhibition of the self-healing mechanism. A comparison with a windowless cell shows that presence of this mechanism is an important prerequisite for the exploitation of self-compression effects in windowed cells filled with inert gases.
- ItemSelf-pinching of pulsed laser beams in a plasma filament(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2008) Brée, Carsten; Demircan, Ayhanj; Skupin, Stefan; Bergé, Luc; Steinmeyer, GünterCompeting nonlinear optical effects that act on femtosecond laser pulses propagating in a self-generated plasma filament may give rise to a pronounced radial deformation of the beam, similar to the z-pinch contraction of pulsed high-current discharges. This self-pinching locally increases the photon density. The process is further identified as the first stage in the recently observed self-compression of femtosecond laser pulses propagating in filaments. Self-pinching also explains the complicated spatio-temporal shapes generally observed in filament compression experiments
- ItemTailoring THz radiation by controlling tunnel photoionization events in gases(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2011) Babushkin, Ihar; Skupin, Stefan; Husakou, Anton; Köhler, Christian; Cabrera-Granado, Eduardo; Bergé, Luc; Herrmann, JoachimjApplications ranging from nonlinear terahertz spectroscopy to remote sensing require broadband and intense THz radiation which can be generated by focusing two-color laser pulses into a gas. In this setup, THz radiation originates from the buildup of the electron density in sharp steps of attosecond duration due to tunnel ionization, and subsequent acceleration of free electrons in the laser field. We show that the spectral shape of the THz pulses generated by this mechanism is determined by superposition of contributions from individual ionization events. This provides a straightforward analogy with linear diffraction theory, where the ionization events play the role of slits in a grating. This analogy offers simple explanations for recent experimental observations and opens new avenues for THz pulse shaping based on temporal control of the ionization events. We illustrate this novel technique by tailoring the spectral width and position of the resulting radiation using multi-color pump pulses.
- ItemUltrafast spatio-temporal dynamics of terahertz generation by ionizing two-color femtosecond pulses in gases(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2010) Babushkin, Ihar; Kuehn, Wihelm; Köhler, Christian; Skupin, Stefan; Bergé, Luc; Reimann, Klaus; Woerner, Michael; Herrmann, Joachim; Elsaesser, ThomasWe present a combined theoretical and experimental study of spatio-temporal propagation effects in terahertz (THz) generation in gases using two-color ionizing laser pulses. The observed strong broadening of the THz spectra with increasing gas pressure reveals the prominent role of spatio-temporal reshaping and of a plasma-induced blue-shift of the pump pulses in the generation process. Results obtained from (3+1)-dimensional simulations are in good agreement with experimental findings and clarify the mechanisms responsible for THz emission.