Browsing by Author "Düsterer, Stefan"
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- ItemCAMP@FLASH: an end-station for imaging, electron- and ion-spectroscopy, and pump–probe experiments at the FLASH free-electron laser(Chester : IUCr, 2018-8-2) Erk, Benjamin; Müller, Jan P.; Bomme, Cédric; Boll, Rebecca; Brenner, Günter; Chapman, Henry N.; Correa, Jonathan; Düsterer, Stefan; Dziarzhytski, Siarhei; Eisebitt, Stefan; Graafsma, Heinz; Grunewald, Sören; Gumprecht, Lars; Hartmann, Robert; Hauser, Günter; Keitel, Barbara; von Korff Schmising, Clemens; Kuhlmann, Marion; Manschwetus, Bastian; Mercadier, Laurent; Müller, Erland; Passow, Christopher; Plönjes, Elke; Ramm, Daniel; Rompotis, Dimitrios; Rudenko, Artem; Rupp, Daniela; Sauppe, Mario; Siewert, Frank; Schlosser, Dieter; Strüder, Lothar; Swiderski, Angad; Techert, Simone; Tiedtke, Kai; Tilp, Thomas; Treusch, Rolf; Schlichting, Ilme; Ullrich, Joachim; Moshammer, Robert; Möller, Thomas; Rolles, DanielThe non-monochromatic beamline BL1 at the FLASH free-electron laser facility at DESY was upgraded with new transport and focusing optics, and a new permanent end-station, CAMP, was installed. This multi-purpose instrument is optimized for electron- and ion-spectroscopy, imaging and pump–probe experiments at free-electron lasers. It can be equipped with various electron- and ion-spectrometers, along with large-area single-photon-counting pnCCD X-ray detectors, thus enabling a wide range of experiments from atomic, molecular, and cluster physics to material and energy science, chemistry and biology. Here, an overview of the layout, the beam transport and focusing capabilities, and the experimental possibilities of this new end-station are presented, as well as results from its commissioning.
- ItemElement-specific magnetization dynamics of complex magnetic systems probed by ultrafast magneto-optical spectroscopy(Basel : MDPI, 2020) Korff Schmising, Clemens von; Willems, Felix; Sharma, Sangeeta; Yao, Kelvin; Borchert, Martin; Hennecke, Martin; Schick, Daniel; Radu, Ilie; Strüber, Christian; Engel, Dieter W.; Shokeen, Vishal; Buck, Jens; Bagschik, Kai; Viefhaus, Jens; Hartmann, Gregor; Manschwetus, Bastian; Grunewald, Soeren; Düsterer, Stefan; Jal, Emmanuelle; Vodungbo, Boris; Lüning, Jan; Eisebitt, StefanThe vision to manipulate and control magnetism with light is driven on the one hand by fundamental questions of direct and indirect photon-spin interactions, and on the other hand by the necessity to cope with ever growing data volumes, requiring radically new approaches on how to write, read and process information. Here, we present two complementary experimental geometries to access the element-specific magnetization dynamics of complex magnetic systems via ultrafast magneto-optical spectroscopy in the extreme ultraviolet spectral range. First, we employ linearly polarized radiation of a free electron laser facility to demonstrate decoupled dynamics of the two sublattices of an FeGd alloy, a prerequisite for all-optical magnetization switching. Second, we use circularly polarized radiation generated in a laboratory-based high harmonic generation setup to show optical inter-site spin transfer in a CoPt alloy, a mechanism which only very recently has been predicted to mediate ultrafast metamagnetic phase transitions. © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- ItemJitter-correction for IR/UV-XUV pump-probe experiments at the FLASH free-electron laser([Bad Honnef] : Dt. Physikalische Ges., 2017-04-10) Savelyev, Evgeny; Boll, Rebecca; Bomme, Cédric; Schirmel, Nora; Redlin, Harald; Erk, Benjamin; Düsterer, Stefan; Müller, Erland; Höppner, Hauke; Toleikis, Sven; Müller, Jost; Kristin Czwalinna, Marie; Treusch, Rolf; Kierspel, Thomas; Mullins, Terence; Trippel, Sebastian; Wiese, Joss; Küpper, Jochen; Brauβe, Felix; Krecinic, Faruk; Rouzée, Arnaud; Rudawski, Piotr; Johnsson, Per; Amini, Kasra; Lauer, Alexandra; Burt, Michael; Brouard, Mark; Christensen, Lauge; Thøgersen, Jan; Stapelfeldt, Henrik; Berrah, Nora; Müller, Maria; Ulmer, Anatoli; Techert, Simone; Rudenko, Artem; Rolles, DanielIn pump-probe experiments employing a free-electron laser (FEL) in combination with a synchronized optical femtosecond laser, the arrival-time jitter between the FEL pulse and the optical laser pulse often severely limits the temporal resolution that can be achieved. Here, we present a pump-probe experiment on the UV-induced dissociation of 2,6-difluoroiodobenzene (C6H3F2I) molecules performed at the FLASH FEL that takes advantage of recent upgrades of the FLASH timing and synchronization system to obtain high-quality data that are not limited by the FEL arrival-time jitter. We discuss in detail the necessary data analysis steps and describe the origin of the time-dependent effects in the yields and kinetic energies of the fragment ions that we observe in the experiment.
- ItemPhotodissociation of aligned CH3I and C6H3F2I molecules probed with time-resolved Coulomb explosion imaging by site-selective extreme ultraviolet ionization(Melville, NY : AIP Publishing LLC, 2018) Amini, Kasra; Savelyev, Evgeny; Brauße, Felix; Berrah, Nora; Bomme, Cédric; Brouard, Mark; Burt, Michael; Christensen, Lauge; Düsterer, Stefan; Erk, Benjamin; Höppner, Hauke; Kierspel, Thomas; Krecinic, Faruk; Lauer, Alexandra; Lee, Jason W. L.; Müller, Maria; Müller, Erland; Mullins, Terence; Redlin, Harald; Schirmel, Nora; Thøgersen, Jan; Techert, Simone; Toleikis, Sven; Treusch, Rolf; Trippel, Sebastian; Ulmer, Anatoli; Vallance, Claire; Wiese, Joss; Johnsson, Per; Küpper, Jochen; Rudenko, Artem; Rouzée, Arnaud; Stapelfeldt, Henrik; Rolles, Daniel; Boll, RebeccaWe explore time-resolved Coulomb explosion induced by intense, extreme ultraviolet (XUV) femtosecond pulses from a free-electron laser as a method to image photo-induced molecular dynamics in two molecules, iodomethane and 2,6-difluoroiodobenzene. At an excitation wavelength of 267 nm, the dominant reaction pathway in both molecules is neutral dissociation via cleavage of the carbon-iodine bond. This allows investigating the influence of the molecular environment on the absorption of an intense, femtosecond XUV pulse and the subsequent Coulomb explosion process. We find that the XUV probe pulse induces local inner-shell ionization of atomic iodine in dissociating iodomethane, in contrast to non-selective ionization of all photofragments in difluoroiodobenzene. The results reveal evidence of electron transfer from methyl and phenyl moieties to a multiply charged iodine ion. In addition, indications for ultrafast charge rearrangement on the phenyl radical are found, suggesting that time-resolved Coulomb explosion imaging is sensitive to the localization of charge in extended molecules.
- ItemSelf-compression of 120 fs pulses in a white-light filament(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2010) Bethge, Jens; Steinmeyer, Günter; Stibenz, Gero; Staudt, Peter; Brée, Carsten; Demircan, Ayhan; Redlin, Harald; Düsterer, StefanSelf-compression of pulses with >100 fs input pulse duration from a 10 Hz laser system is experimentally demonstrated, with a compression factor of 3.3 resulting in output pulse durations of 35 fs. This measurement substantially widens the range of applicability of this compression method, enabling self-compression of pulsed laser sources that neither exhibit extremely low pulse-to-pulse energy fluctuations nor a particularly clean beam profile. The experimental demonstration is numerically modeled, revealing the exact same mechanisms at work as at shorter input pulse duration. Additionally, the role of controlled beam clipping with an adjustable aperture is numerically substantiated
- ItemTHz streak camera performance for single-shot characterization of XUV pulses with complex temporal structures(Washington, DC : Soc., 2020) Oelze, Tim; Kulyk, Olena; Schütte, Bernd; Frühling, Ulrike; Klimešová, Eva; Jagielski, Bartholomäus; Dittrich, Laura; Drescher, Markus; Pan, Rui; Stojanovic, Nikola; Polovinkin, Vitaly; Khakurel, Krishna P.; Muehlig, Kerstin; Bermudez Macias, Ivette J.; Düsterer, Stefan; Faatz, Bart; Andreasson, Jakob; Wieland, Marek; Krikunova, MariaThe THz-field-driven streak camera has proven to be a powerful diagnostic-technique that enables the shot-to-shot characterization of the duration and the arrival time jitter of free electron laser (FEL) pulses. Here we investigate the performance of three computational approaches capable to determine the duration of FEL pulses with complex temporal structures from single-shot measurements of up to three simultaneously recorded spectra. We use numerically simulated FEL pulses in order to validate the accuracy of the pulse length retrieval in average as well as in a single-shot mode. We discuss requirements for the THz field strength in order to achieve reliable results and compare our numerical study with the analysis of experimental data that were obtained at the FEL in Hamburg - FLASH. © 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement
- ItemXUV double-pulses with femtosecond to 650 ps separation from a multilayer-mirror-based split-and-delay unit at FLASH(Chester : IUCr, 2018-8-3) Sauppe, Mario; Rompotis, Dimitrios; Erk, Benjamin; Bari, Sadia; Bischoff, Tobias; Boll, Rebecca; Bomme, Cédric; Bostedt, Christoph; Dörner, Simon; Düsterer, Stefan; Feigl, Torsten; Flückiger, Leonie; Gorkhover, Tais; Kolatzki, Katharina; Langbehn, Bruno; Monserud, Nils; Müller, Erland; Müller, Jan P.; Passow, Christopher; Ramm, Daniel; Rolles, Daniel; Schubert, Kaja; Schwob, Lucas; Senfftleben, Björn; Treusch, Rolf; Ulmer, Anatoli; Weigelt, Holger; Zimbalski, Jannis; Zimmermann, Julian; Möller, Thomas; Rupp, DanielaExtreme ultraviolet (XUV) and X-ray free-electron lasers enable new scientific opportunities. Their ultra-intense coherent femtosecond pulses give unprecedented access to the structure of undepositable nanoscale objects and to transient states of highly excited matter. In order to probe the ultrafast complex light-induced dynamics on the relevant time scales, the multi-purpose end-station CAMP at the free-electron laser FLASH has been complemented by the novel multilayer-mirror-based split-and-delay unit DESC (DElay Stage for CAMP) for time-resolved experiments. XUV double-pulses with delays adjustable from zero femtoseconds up to 650 picoseconds are generated by reflecting under near-normal incidence, exceeding the time range accessible with existing XUV split-and-delay units. Procedures to establish temporal and spatial overlap of the two pulses in CAMP are presented, with emphasis on the optimization of the spatial overlap at long time-delays via time-dependent features, for example in ion spectra of atomic clusters.