Browsing by Author "Disser, Karoline"
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- ItemThe 3D transient semiconductor equations with gradient-dependent and interfacial recombination(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2018) Disser, Karoline; Rehberg, JoachimWe establish the well-posedness of the transient van Roosbroeck system in three space dimensions under realistic assumptions on the data: non-smooth domains, discontinuous coefficient functions and mixed boundary conditions. Moreover, within this analysis, recombination terms may be concentrated on surfaces and interfaces and may not only depend on chargecarrier densities, but also on the electric field and currents. In particular, this includes Avalanche recombination. The proofs are based on recent abstract results on maximal parabolic and optimal elliptic regularity of divergence-form operators.
- ItemAsymptotic behaviour of a rigid body with a cavity filled by a viscous liquid(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2014) Disser, KarolineWe consider the system of equations modeling the free motion of a rigid body with a cavity filled by a viscous (Navier-Stokes) liquid. We give a rigorous proof of Zhukovskiys Theorem , which states that in the limit t → ∞, the relative fluid velocity tends to 0 and the rigid velocity of the full structure tends to a steady rotation around one of the principle axes of inertia. The existence of global weak solutions for this system was established in . In particular, we prove that every weak solution of this type is subject to Zhukovskiys Theorem. Independently of the geometry and of parameters, this shows that the presence of fluid prevents precession of the body in the limit. In general, we cannot predict which axis will be attained, but we show stability of the largest axis and provide criteria on the initial data which are decisive in special cases.
- ItemGlobal existence, uniqueness and stability for nonlinear dissipative systems of bulk-interface interaction(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2016) Disser, KarolineWe consider a general class of nonlinear parabolic systems corresponding to thermodynamically consistent gradient structure models of bulk-interface interaction. The setting includes non-smooth geometries and e.g. slow, fast and entropic diffusion processes under mass conservation. The main results are global well-posedness and exponential stability of equilibria. As a part of the proof, we show bulk-interface maximum principles and a bulk-interface Poincaré inequality. The method of proof for global existence is a simple but very versatile combination of maximal parabolic regularity of the linearization, a priori L1-bounds and a Schaefer fixed point argument. This allows us to extend the setting e.g. conditions and external forces.
- ItemHölder estimates for parabolic operators on domains with rough boundary(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2015) Disser, Karoline; Rehberg, Joachim; Elst, A.F.M. terIn this paper we investigate linear parabolic, second-order boundary value problems with mixed boundary conditions on rough domains. Assuming only boundedness/ellipticity on the coefficient function and very mild conditions on the geometry of the domain including a very weak compatibility condition between the Dirichlet boundary part and its complement we prove Hölder continuity of the solution in space and time.
- ItemOn gradient structures for Markov chains and the passage to Wasserstein gradient flows(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2013) Disser, Karoline; Liero, MatthiasWe study the approximation of Wasserstein gradient structures by their finite-dimensional analog. We show that simple finite-volume discretizations of the linear Fokker-Planck equation exhibit the recently established entropic gradient-flow structure for reversible Markov chains. Then we reprove the convergence of the discrete scheme in the limit of vanishing mesh size using only the involved gradient-flow structures. In particular, we make no use of the linearity of the equations nor of the fact that the Fokker-Planck equation is of second order.
- ItemOn maximal parabolic regularity for non-autonomous parabolic operators(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2016) Disser, Karoline; Elst, A.F.M. ter; Rehberg, JoachimWe consider linear inhomogeneous non-autonomous parabolic problems associated to sesquilinear forms, with discontinuous dependence of time. We show that for these problems, the property of maximal parabolic regularity can be extrapolated to time integrability exponents r ≠ 2. This allows us to prove maximal parabolic Lr-regularity for discontinuous non-autonomous second-order divergence form operators in very general geometric settings and to prove existence results for related quasilinear equations.
- ItemOn the evolutionary Gamma-convergence of gradient systems modeling slow and fast chemical reactions(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2016) Disser, Karoline; Liero, Matthias; Zinsl, JonathanWe investigate the limit passage for a system of ordinary differential equations modeling slow and fast chemical reaction of mass-action type, where the rates of fast reactions tend to infinity. We give an elementary proof of convergence to a reduced dynamical system acting in the slow reaction directions on the manifold of fast reaction equilibria. Then we study the entropic gradient structure of these systems and prove an E-convergence result via Gamma-convergence of the primary and dual dissipation potentials, which shows that this structure carries over to the fast reaction limit. We recover the limit dynamics as a gradient flow of the entropy with respect to a pseudo-metric.
- ItemOptimal Sobolev regularity for linear second-order divergence elliptic operators occurring in real-world problems(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2014) Disser, Karoline; Kaiser, Hans-Christoph; Rehberg, JoachimOn bounded three-dimensional domains, we consider divergence-type operators including mixed homogeneous Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions and discontinuous coefficient functions. We develop a geometric framework in which it is possible to prove that the operator provides an isomorphism of suitable function spaces. In particular, in these spaces, the gradient of solutions turns out to be integrable with exponent larger than the space dimension three. Relevant examples from real-world applications are provided in great detail.
- ItemA unified framework for parabolic equations with mixed boundary conditions and diffusion on interfaces(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2013) Disser, Karoline; Meyries, Martin; Rehberg, JoachimIn this paper we consider scalar parabolic equations in a general non-smooth setting with emphasis on mixed interface and boundary conditions. In particular, we allow for dynamics and diffusion on a Lipschitz interface and on the boundary, where diffusion coefficients are only assumed to be bounded, measurable and positive semidefinite. In the bulk, we additionally take into account diffusion coefficients which may degenerate towards a Lipschitz surface. For this problem class, we introduce a unified functional analytic framework based on sesquilinear forms and show maximal regularity for the corresponding abstract Cauchy problem.
- ItemWell-posedness for coupled bulk-interface diffusion with mixed boundary conditions(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2016) Disser, KarolineIn this paper, we consider a quasilinear parabolic system of equations describing coupled bulk and interface diffusion, including mixed boundary conditions. The setting naturally includes non-smooth domains. We show local well-posedness using maximal Ls-regularity in dual Sobolev spaces of type W 1,q (Omega) for the associated abstract Cauchy problem.