Browsing by Author "Guha, Subhajit"
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- ItemDesign and Fabrication of a BiCMOS Dielectric Sensor for Viscosity Measurements: A Possible Solution for Early Detection of COPD(Basel : MDPI, 2018) Soltani Zarrin, Pouya; Jamal, Farabi Ibne; Guha, Subhajit; Wessel, Jan; Kissinger, Dietmar; Wenger, ChristianThe viscosity variation of sputum is a common symptom of the progression of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Since the hydration of the sputum defines its viscosity level, dielectric sensors could be used for the characterization of sputum samples collected from patients for early diagnosis of COPD. In this work, a CMOS-based dielectric sensor for the real-time monitoring of sputum viscosity was designed and fabricated. A proper packaging for the ESD-protection and short-circuit prevention of the sensor was developed. The performance evaluation results show that the radio frequency sensor is capable of measuring dielectric constant of biofluids with an accuracy of 4.17%. Integration of this sensor into a portable system will result in a hand-held device capable of measuring viscosity of sputum samples of COPD-patients for diagnostic purposes.
- ItemGeometric conductive filament confinement by nanotips for resistive switching of HfO2-RRAM devices with high performance(London : Nature Publishing Group, 2016) Niu, Gang; Calka, Pauline; Auf der Maur, Matthias; Santoni, Francesco; Guha, Subhajit; Fraschke, Mirko; Hamoumou, Philippe; Gautier, Brice; Perez, Eduardo; Walczyk, Christian; Wenger, Christian; Di Carlo, Aldo; Alff, Lambert; Schroeder, ThomasFilament-type HfO2-based RRAM has been considered as one of the most promising candidates for future non-volatile memories. Further improvement of the stability, particularly at the “OFF” state, of such devices is mainly hindered by resistance variation induced by the uncontrolled oxygen vacancies distribution and filament growth in HfO2 films. We report highly stable endurance of TiN/Ti/HfO2/Si-tip RRAM devices using a CMOS compatible nanotip method. Simulations indicate that the nanotip bottom electrode provides a local confinement for the electrical field and ionic current density; thus a nano-confinement for the oxygen vacancy distribution and nano-filament location is created by this approach. Conductive atomic force microscopy measurements confirm that the filaments form only on the nanotip region. Resistance switching by using pulses shows highly stable endurance for both ON and OFF modes, thanks to the geometric confinement of the conductive path and filament only above the nanotip. This nano-engineering approach opens a new pathway to realize forming-free RRAM devices with improved stability and reliability.
- ItemRadio Frequency CMOS Chem-bio Viscosity Sensors based on Dielectric Spectroscopy([Setúbal] : SCITEPRESS - Science and Technology Publications, Lda., 2017) Guha, Subhajit; Wenger, Christian; Peixoto, Nathalia; Fred, Ana; Gamboa, Hugo; Vaz, MárioThis paper presents a CMOS Radio frequency dielectric sensor platform for the detection of relative viscosity changes in a fluid sample. The operating frequency of the sensor is 12.28 GHz. This frequency range has been chosen for high signal to noise ratio and also to avoid other low frequency dispersion mechanisms for future lab on chip applications. The sensor chip has been fabricated in 250 nm BiCMOS technology of IHP. The measurements conducted to show the relative viscosity variation detection capability of the sensor chip, were based on mixtures of glycerol and water as well as glycerol and organic alcohol. The detection limit of viscosity is dependent on the permittivity contrast of the sample constituent. Therefore, it is also shown the choice of frequency inherently aids in the permittivity contrast of the sample constituents.
- ItemA Review on Passive and Integrated Near-Field Microwave Biosensors(Basel : MDPI, 2017) Guha, Subhajit; Jamal, Farabi Ibne; Wenger, ChristianIn this paper we review the advancement of passive and integrated microwave biosensors. The interaction of microwave with biological material is discussed in this paper. Passive microwave biosensors are microwave structures, which are fabricated on a substrate and are used for sensing biological materials. On the other hand, integrated biosensors are microwave structures fabricated in standard semiconductor technology platform (CMOS or BiCMOS). The CMOS or BiCMOS sensor technology offers a more compact sensing approach which has the potential in the future for point of care testing systems. Various applications of the passive and the integrated sensors have been discussed in this review paper.
- ItemTowards CMOS integrated microfluidics using dielectrophoretic immobilization(Basel : MDPI, 2019) Ettehad, Honeyeh Matbaechi; Yadav, Rahul Kumar; Guha, Subhajit; Wenger, ChristianDielectrophoresis (DEP) is a nondestructive and noninvasive method which is favorable for point-of-care medical diagnostic tests. This technique exhibits prominent relevance in a wide range of medical applications wherein the miniaturized platform for manipulation (immobilization, separation or rotation), and detection of biological particles (cells or molecules) can be conducted. DEP can be performed using advanced planar technologies, such as complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) through interdigitated capacitive biosensors. The dielectrophoretically immobilization of micron and submicron size particles using interdigitated electrode (IDE) arrays is studied by finite element simulations. The CMOS compatible IDEs have been placed into the silicon microfluidic channel. A rigorous study of the DEP force actuation, the IDE’s geometrical structure, and the fluid dynamics are crucial for enabling the complete platform for CMOS integrated microfluidics and detection of micron and submicron-sized particle ranges. The design of the IDEs is performed by robust finite element analyses to avoid time-consuming and costly fabrication processes. To analyze the preliminary microfluidic test vehicle, simulations were first performed with non-biological particles. To produce DEP force, an AC field in the range of 1 to 5 V (peak-to-peak) is applied to the IDE. The impact of the effective external and internal properties, such as actuating DEP frequency and voltage, fluid flow velocity, and IDE’s geometrical parameters are investigated. The IDE based system will be used to immobilize and sense particles simultaneously while flowing through the microfluidic channel. The sensed particles will be detected using the capacitive sensing feature of the biosensor. The sensing and detecting of the particles are not in the scope of this paper and will be described in details elsewhere. However, to provide a complete overview of this system, the working principles of the sensor, the readout detection circuit, and the integration process of the silicon microfluidic channel are briefly discussed. © 2019 by the authors.