Browsing by Author "Ibarlucea, Bergoi"
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- ItemApplications of nanogenerators for biomedical engineering and healthcare systems(Weinheim : Wiley, 2021) Wang, Wanli; Pang, Jinbo; Su, Jie; Li, Fujiang; Li, Qiang; Wang, Xiaoxiong; Wang, Jingang; Ibarlucea, Bergoi; Liu, Xiaoyan; Li, Yufen; Zhou, Weijia; Wang, Kai; Han, Qingfang; Liu, Lei; Zang, Ruohan; Rümmeli, Mark H.; Li, Yang; Liu, Hong; Hu, Han; Cuniberti, GianaurelioThe dream of human beings for long living has stimulated the rapid development of biomedical and healthcare equipment. However, conventional biomedical and healthcare devices have shortcomings such as short service life, large equipment size, and high potential safety hazards. Indeed, the power supply for conventional implantable device remains predominantly batteries. The emerging nanogenerators, which harvest micro/nanomechanical energy and thermal energy from human beings and convert into electrical energy, provide an ideal solution for self‐powering of biomedical devices. The combination of nanogenerators and biomedicine has been accelerating the development of self‐powered biomedical equipment. This article first introduces the operating principle of nanogenerators and then reviews the progress of nanogenerators in biomedical applications, including power supply, smart sensing, and effective treatment. Besides, the microbial disinfection and biodegradation performances of nanogenerators have been updated. Next, the protection devices have been discussed such as face mask with air filtering function together with real‐time monitoring of human health from the respiration and heat emission. Besides, the nanogenerator devices have been categorized by the types of mechanical energy from human beings, such as the body movement, tissue and organ activities, energy from chemical reactions, and gravitational potential energy. Eventually, the challenges and future opportunities in the applications of nanogenerators are delivered in the conclusive remarks. The combination of nanogenerator and biomedicine have been accelerating the development of self‐powered biomedical devices, which show a bright future in biomedicine and healthcare such as smart sensing, and therapy.
- ItemHigh-performance electronics and optoelectronics of monolayer tungsten diselenide full film from pre-seeding strategy(Weinheim : Wiley, 2021) Zhang, Shu; Pang, Jinbo; Cheng, Qilin; Yang, Feng; Chen, Yu; Liu, Yu; Li, Yufen; Gemming, Thomas; Liu, Xiaoyan; Ibarlucea, Bergoi; Yang, Jiali; Liu, Hong; Zhou, Weijia; Cuniberti, Gianaurelio; Rümmeli, Mark H.Tungsten diselenide (WSe2) possesses extraordinary electronic properties for applications in electronics, optoelectronics, and emerging exciton physics. The synthesis of monolayer WSe2 film is of topmost for device arrays and integrated circuits. The monolayer WSe2 film has yet been reported by thermal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) approach, and the nucleation mechanism remains unclear. Here, we report a pre-seeding strategy for finely regulating the nuclei density at an early stage and achieving a fully covered film after chemical vapor deposition growth. The underlying mechanism is heterogeneous nucleation from the pre-seeding tungsten oxide nanoparticles. At first, we optimized the precursor concentration for pre-seeding. Besides, we confirmed the superiority of the pre-seeding method, compared with three types of substrate pretreatments, including nontreatment, sonication in an organic solvent, and oxygen plasma. Eventually, the high-quality synthetic WSe2 monolayer film exhibits excellent device performance in field-effect transistors and photodetectors. We extracted thermodynamic activation energy from the nucleation and growth data. Our results may shed light on the wafer-scale production of homogeneous monolayer films of WSe2, other 2D materials, and their van der Waals heterostructures.
- ItemImpact of surface charge on the motion of light-activated Janus micromotors(Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer, 2021) Huang, Tao; Ibarlucea, Bergoi; Caspari, Anja; Synytska, Alla; Cuniberti, Gianaurelio; de Graaf, Joost; Baraban, LarysaControl over micromotors' motion is of high relevance for lab-on-a-chip and biomedical engineering, wherein such particles encounter complex microenvironments. Here, we introduce an efficient way to influence Janus micromotors' direction of motion and speed by modifying their surface properties and those of their immediate surroundings. We fabricated light-responsive Janus micromotors with positive and negative surface charge, both driven by ionic self-diffusiophoresis. These were used to observe direction-of-motion reversal in proximity to glass substrates for which we varied the surface charge. Quantitative analysis allowed us to extract the dependence of the particle velocity on the surface charge density of the substrate. This constitutes the first quantitative demonstration of the substrate's surface charge on the motility of the light-activated diffusiophoretic motors in water. We provide qualitative understanding of these observations in terms of osmotic flow along the substrate generated through the ions released by the propulsion mechanism. Our results constitute a crucial step in moving toward practical application of self-phoretic artificial micromotors.
- ItemReal-Time Monitoring of Blood Parameters in the Intensive Care Unit: State-of-the-Art and Perspectives(Basel : MDPI, 2022) Bockholt, Rebecca; Paschke, Shaleen; Heubner, Lars; Ibarlucea, Bergoi; Laupp, Alexander; Janićijević, Željko; Klinghammer, Stephanie; Balakin, Sascha; Maitz, Manfred F.; Werner, Carsten; Cuniberti, Gianaurelio; Baraban, Larysa; Spieth, Peter MarkusThe number of patients in intensive care units has increased over the past years. Critically ill patients are treated with a real time support of the instruments that offer monitoring of relevant blood parameters. These parameters include blood gases, lactate, and glucose, as well as pH and tem-perature. Considering the COVID-19 pandemic, continuous management of dynamic deteriorating parameters in patients is more relevant than ever before. This narrative review aims to summarize the currently available literature regarding real-time monitoring of blood parameters in intensive care. Both, invasive and non-invasive methods are described in detail and discussed in terms of general advantages and disadvantages particularly in context of their use in different medical fields but especially in critical care. The objective is to explicate both, well-known and frequently used as well as relatively unknown devices. Furtehrmore, potential future direction in research and development of realtime sensor systems are discussed. Therefore, the discussion section provides a brief description of current developments in biosensing with special emphasis on their technical implementation. In connection with these developments, the authors focus on different electrochemical approaches to invasive and non-invasive measurements in vivo.
- ItemTwo-Dimensional Boronate Ester Covalent Organic Framework Thin Films with Large Single Crystalline Domains for a Neuromorphic Memory Device(Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, 2020) Park, SangWook; Liao, Zhongquan; Ibarlucea, Bergoi; Qi, Haoyuan; Lin, Hung-Hsuan; Becker, Daniel; Melidonie, Jason; Zhang, Tao; Sahabudeen, Hafeesudeen; Baraban, Larysa; Baek, Chang-Ki; Zheng, Zhikun; Zschech, Ehrenfried; Fery, Andreas; Heine, Thomas; Kaiser, Ute; Cuniberti, Gianaurelio; Dong, Renhao; Feng, XinliangDespite the recent progress in the synthesis of crystalline boronate ester covalent organic frameworks (BECOFs) in powder and thin-film through solvothermal method and on-solid-surface synthesis, respectively, their applications in electronics, remain less explored due to the challenges in thin-film processability and device integration associated with the control of film thickness, layer orientation, stability and crystallinity. Moreover, although the crystalline domain sizes of the powder samples can reach micrometer scale (up to ≈1.5 μm), the reported thin-film samples have so far rather small crystalline domains up to 100 nm. Here we demonstrate a general and efficient synthesis of crystalline two-dimensional (2D) BECOF films composed of porphyrin macrocycles and phenyl or naphthyl linkers (named as 2D BECOF-PP or 2D BECOF-PN) by employing a surfactant-monolayer-assisted interfacial synthesis (SMAIS) on the water surface. The achieved 2D BECOF-PP is featured as free-standing thin film with large single-crystalline domains up to ≈60 μm2 and tunable thickness from 6 to 16 nm. A hybrid memory device composed of 2D BECOF-PP film on silicon nanowire-based field-effect transistor is demonstrated as a bio-inspired system to mimic neuronal synapses, displaying a learning–erasing–forgetting memory process. © 2020 The Authors. Published by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.