Browsing by Author "Koitzsch, A."
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- ItemAbsorption and photoemission spectroscopy of rare-earth oxypnictides(Milton Park : Taylor & Francis, 2009) Kroll, T.; Roth, F.; Koitzsch, A.; Kraus, R.; Batchelor, D.R.; Werner, J.; Behr, G.; Büchner, B.; Knupfer, M.The electronic structure of various rare-earth oxypnictides has been investigated by performing Fe L2, 3 x-ray absorption spectroscopy, and Fe 2p and valence band x-ray photoemission spectroscopy. As representative samples the non-superconducting parent compounds LnFeAsO (Ln=La, Ce, Sm and Gd) have been chosen and measured at 25 and 300 K, i.e. below and above the structural and magnetic phase transition at ~150 K. We find no significant change of the electronic structure of the FeAs layers when switching between the different rare-earth ions or when varying the temperature below and above the transition temperatures. Using a simple two-configuration model, we find qualitative agreement with the Fe 2p3/2 core-level spectrum, which allows for a qualitative explanation of the experimental spectral shapes.
- ItemIntertwined electronic and magnetic structure of the van-der-Waals antiferromagnet Fe2P2S6([London] : Nature Publishing Group, 2023) Koitzsch, A.; Klaproth, T.; Selter, S.; Shemerliuk, Y.; Aswartham, S.; Janson, O.; Büchner, B.; Knupfer, M.Many unusual and promising properties have been reported recently for the transition metal trichalcogenides of the type MPS3 (M = V, Mn, Fe, Ni..), such as maintaining magnetic order to the atomically thin limit, ultra-sharp many-body excitons, metal-insulator transitions and, especially for Fe2P2S6, giant linear dichroism among others. Here we conduct a detailed investigation of the electronic structure of Fe2P2S6 using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, q-dependent electron energy loss spectroscopy, optical spectroscopies and density functional theory. Fe2P2S6 is a Mott insulator with a gap of E gap ≈ 1.4 eV and zigzag antiferromagnetism below T N = 119 K. The low energy excitations are dominated by Fe 3d states. Large and sign-changing linear dichroism is observed. We provide a microscopic mechanism explaining key properties of the linear dichroism based on the correlated character of the electronic structure, thereby elucidating the nature of the spin-charge coupling in Fe2P2S6 and related materials.
- ItemMomentum-resolved superconducting gap in the bulk of Ba1-xK xFe2As2 from combined ARPES and μSR measurements(Milton Park : Taylor & Francis, 2009) Evtushinsky, D.V.; Inosov, D.S.; Zabolotnyy, V.B.; Viazovska, M.S.; Khasanov, R.; Amato, A.; Klauss, H.-H.; Luetkens, H.; Niedermayer, Ch.; Sun, G.L.; Hinkov, V.; Lin, C.T.; Varykhalov, A.; Koitzsch, A.; Knupfer, M.; Büchner, B.; Kordyuk, A.A.; Borisenko, S.V.Here we present a calculation of the temperature-dependent London penetration depth, λ(T), in Ba1-xKxFe 2As2 (BKFA) on the basis of the electronic band structure (Zabolotnyy et al 2009 Nature 457 569, Zabolotnyy et al 2009 Physica C 469 448) and momentum-dependent superconducting gap (Evtushinsky et al 2009 Phys. Rev. B 79 054517) extracted from angleresolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) data. The results are compared to the direct measurements of λ(T) by muon spin rotation (μSR) (Khasanov et al 2009 Phys. Rev. Lett. 102 187005). The value of λ(T = 0), calculated with no adjustable parameters, equals 270 nm, while the directly measured one is 320 nm; the temperature dependence λ(T) is also easily reproduced. Such agreement between the two completely different approaches allows us to conclude that ARPES studies of BKFA are bulk-representative. Our review of the available experimental studies of the superconducting gap in the new ironbased superconductors in general allows us to state that most of them bear two nearly isotropic gaps with coupling constants 2ΔkBTc = 2.5±1.5 and 7±2.
- ItemNesting-driven multipolar order in CeB6 from photoemission tomography(London : Nature Publishing Group, 2016) Koitzsch, A.; Heming, N.; Knupfer, M.; Büchner, B.; Portnichenko, P.Y.; Dukhnenko, A.V.; Shitsevalova, N.Y.; Filipov, V.B.; Lev, L.L.Some heavy fermion materials show so-called hidden-order phases which are invisible to many characterization techniques and whose microscopic origin remained controversial for decades. Among such hidden-order compounds, CeB6 is of model character due to its simple electronic configuration and crystal structure. Apart from more conventional antiferromagnetism, it shows an elusive phase at low temperatures, which is commonly associated with multipolar order. Here we show that this phase roots in a Fermi surface instability. This conclusion is based on a full 3D tomographic sampling of the electronic structure by angle-resolved photoemission and comparison with inelastic neutron scattering data. The hidden order is mediated by itinerant electrons. Our measurements will serve as a paradigm for the investigation of hidden-order phases in f-electron systems, but also generally for situations where the itinerant electrons drive orbital or spin order.
- ItemNonlocal dielectric function and nested dark excitons in MoS2(London : Nature Publishing Group, 2019) Koitzsch, A.; Pawlik, A.-S.; Habenicht, C.; Klaproth, T.; Schuster, R.; Büchner, B.; Knupfer, M.Their exceptional optical properties are a driving force for the persistent interest in atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides such as MoS2. The optical response is dominated by excitons. Apart from the bright excitons, which directly couple to light, it has been realized that dark excitons, where photon absorption or emission is inhibited by the spin state or momentum mismatch, are decisive for many optical properties. However, in particular the momentum dependence is difficult to assess experimentally and often remains elusive or is investigated by indirect means. Here we study the momentum dependent electronic structure experimentally and theoretically. We use angle-resolved photoemission as a one-particle probe of the occupied valence band structure and electron energy loss spectroscopy as a two-particle probe of electronic transitions across the gap to benchmark a single-particle model of the dielectric function ϵ(q, ω) against momentum dependent experimental measurements. This ansatz captures key aspects of the data surprisingly well. In particular, the energy region where substantial nesting occurs, which is at the origin of the strong light–matter interaction of thin transition metal dichalcogenides and crucial for the prominent C-exciton, is described well and spans a more complex exciton landscape than previously anticipated. Its local maxima in (q≠0,ω) space can be considered as dark excitons and might be relevant for higher order optical processes. Our study may lead to a more complete understanding of the optical properties of atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides.
- ItemSpectromicroscopic measurements of electronic structure variations in atomically thin WSe2(2020) Klaproth, T.; Habenicht, C.; Schuster, R.; Büchner, B.; Knupfer, M.; Koitzsch, A.Atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) are promising candidates for implementation in next generation semiconducting devices, for which laterally homogeneous behavior is needed. Here, we study the electronic structure of atomically thin exfoliated WSe2, a prototypical TMDC with large spin–orbit coupling, by photoemission electron microscopy, electron energy-loss spectroscopy, and density functional theory. We resolve the inhomogeneities of the doping level by the varying energy positions of the valence band. There appear to be different types of inhomogeneities that respond differently to electron doping, introduced by potassium intercalation. In addition, we find that the doping process itself is more complex than previously anticipated and entails a distinct orbital and thickness dependence that needs to be considered for effective band engineering. In particular, the density of selenium vs tungsten states depends on the doping level, which leads to changes in the optical response beyond increased dielectric screening. Our work gives insight into the inhomogeneity of the electron structure of WSe2 and the effects of electron doping, provides microscopic understanding thereof, and improves the basis for property engineering of 2D materials.