Browsing by Author "Malanin, Mikhail"
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- ItemExamining the early stages of thermal oxidative degradation in epoxy-amine resins(Amsterdam [u.a.] : Elsevier Science, 2020) Morsch, Suzanne; Liu, Yanwen; Lyon, S.B.; Gibbon, S.R.; Gabriele, Benjamin; Malanin, Mikhail; Eichhorn, Klaus-JochenEpoxy-amine resins continue to find widespread use as the binders in protective and decorative organic coatings, as the matrix in composite materials, and as adhesives. In service, exposure to the environment ultimately results in oxidative deterioration of these materials, limiting the performance lifetime. Defining this auto-oxidation process is therefore a key challenge in developing more durable high-performance materials. In this study, we investigate oxidative degradation of a model resin based on diglycidyl ether of bisphenol-A (DGEBA) and an aliphatic amine hardener, triethylenetetraamine (TETA). Using infrared spectroscopy, we find that prior to the expected detection of formate groups (corresponding to the well-known radical oxidation mechanism of DGEBA), a band at 1658 cm−1 forms, associated with amine cross-linker oxidation. Infrared microspectroscopy, in-situ heated ATR-infrared, Raman spectroscopy and AFM-IR techniques are thus employed to investigate the early stages of resin oxidation and demonstrate strong parallels between the initial stages of cured resin degradation and the auto-oxidation of TETA cross-linker molecules.
- ItemProjekt: Hydrolyse- und korrosionsbeständiger Glascord, kurz: Glascord, Teilvorhaben: Glasfaserherstellung und Grenzschichtdesign : Abschlussbericht zum Teilvorhaben ; Berichtszeitraum: 01.07.2008 - 31.12.2011(Hannover : Technische Informationsbibliothek (TIB), 2012) Malanin, Mikhail; Scheffler, Christina; Mäder, Edith[no abstract available]
- ItemTemperature-Dependent Reinforcement of Hydrophilic Rubber Using Ice Crystals(Washington, DC : ACS Publications, 2017-2-2) Natarajan, Tamil Selvan; Stöckelhuber, Klaus Werner; Malanin, Mikhail; Eichhorn, Klaus-Jochen; Formanek, Petr; Reuter, Uta; Wießner, Sven; Heinrich, Gert; Das, AmitThis is the first study on the impact of ice crystals on glass transition and mechanical behavior of soft cross-linked elastomers. A hydrophilic elastomer such as epichlorohydrin-ethylene oxide-allyl glycidyl ether can absorb about ∼40 wt % of water. The water-swollen cross-linked network exhibits elastic properties with more than 1500% stretchability at room temperature. Coincidently, the phase transition of water into solid ice crystals inside of the composites allows the reinforcement of the soft elastomer mechanically at lower temperatures. Young's modulus of the composites measured at -20 °C remarkably increased from 1.45 to 3.14 MPa, whereas at +20 °C, the effect was opposite and the Young's modulus decreased from 0.6 to 0.03 MPa after 20 days of water treatment. It was found that a part of the absorbed water, ∼74% of the total absorbed water, is freezable and occupies nearly 26 vol % of the composites. Simultaneously, these solid ice crystals are found to be acting as a reinforcing filler at lower temperatures. The size of these ice crystals is distributed in a relatively narrow range of 400-600 nm. The storage modulus (E′) of the ice crystal-filled composites increased from 3 to 13 MPa at -20 °C. The glass transition temperature (-37 °C) of the soft cross-linked elastomer was not altered by the absorption of water. However, a special transition (melting of ice) occurred at temperatures close to 0 °C as observed in the dynamic mechanical analysis of the water-swollen elastomers. The direct polymer/filler (ice crystals) interaction was demonstrated by strain sweep experiments and investigated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. This type of cross-linked rubber could be integrated into a smart rubber application such as in adaptable mechanics, where the stiffness of the rubber can be altered as a function of temperature without affecting the mechanical stretchability either below or above 0 °C (above the glass temperature region) of the rubber.