Browsing by Author "Munari, U."
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- ItemAbell-35 phenomena in symbiotic stars: Discovery of 1.2 and 6.4 day periods in VV8 (V471 per)(Vilnius : Lithuanian Astronomical Union, 2012) Munari, U.; Siviero, A.; Tamajo, E.; Fiaschi, M.; Dallaporta, S.; Cherini, G.; Frigo, A.; Castellani, F.; Graziani, M.; Moretti, S.; Tomaselli, S.We have collected high precision optical photometry of VV8, so far 782 individual observing runs uniformly distributed over the period 2005-2011. This dataset allows us to refine the known long periodicity of VV8 to P = 16.8 yr, with peak-to-valley amplitudes of ΔB = 0.18 and ΔV = 0.14 mag. In addition, we have discovered two new periodicities: 6.431 d (total amplitude Δ = ΔV = ΔI= 0.05 mag) and 1.185 d (ΔB = 0.022, ΔV = 0.018, ΔI = 0.014 mag). These two short periods are reminiscent of the Abell35 phenomena displayed by binary nuclei of planetary nebulae that have gone through a common envelope phase. Twice the 6.431 d period would nicely correspond to the double-peaked light-curve that the G5 III star in VV8 would display if its Roche lobe would be ellipsoidally distorted.
- ItemGaia Data Release 2 : Processing the spectroscopic data(Les Ulis : EDP Sciences, 2018) Sartoretti, P.; Katz, D.; Cropper, M.; Panuzzo, P.; Seabroke, G. M.; Viala, Y.; Benson, K.; Blomme, R.; Jasniewicz, G.; Jean-Antoine, A.; Huckle, H.; Smith, M.; Baker, S.; Crifo, F.; Damerdji, Y.; David, M.; Dolding, C.; Frémat, Y.; Gosset, E.; Guerrier, A.; Guy, L. P.; Haigron, R.; Janßen, K.; Marchal, O.; Plum, G.; Soubiran, C.; Thévenin, F.; Ajaj, M.; Allende Prieto, C.; Babusiaux, C.; Boudreault, S.; Chemin, L.; Delle Luche, C.; Fabre, C.; Gueguen, A.; Hambly, N. C.; Lasne, Y.; Meynadier, F.; Pailler, F.; Panem, C.; Riclet, F.; Royer, F.; Tauran, G.; Zurbach, C.; Zwitter, T.; Arenou, F.; Gomez, A.; Lemaitre, V.; Leclerc, N.; Morel, T.; Munari, U.; Turon, C.; Žerjal, M.Context. The Gaia Data Release 2 (DR2 ) contains the first release of radial velocities complementing the kinematic data of a sample of about 7 million relatively bright, late-type stars. Aims. This paper provides a detailed description of the Gaia spectroscopic data processing pipeline, and of the approach adopted to derive the radial velocities presented in DR2 . Methods. The pipeline must perform four main tasks: (i) clean and reduce the spectra observed with the Radial Velocity Spectrometer (RVS); (ii) calibrate the RVS instrument, including wavelength, straylight, line-spread function, bias non-uniformity, and photometric zeropoint; (iii) extract the radial velocities; and (iv) verify the accuracy and precision of the results. The radial velocity of a star is obtained through a fit of the RVS spectrum relative to an appropriate synthetic template spectrum. An additional task of the spectroscopic pipeline was to provide first-order estimates of the stellar atmospheric parameters required to select such template spectra. We describe the pipeline features and present the detailed calibration algorithms and software solutions we used to produce the radial velocities published in DR2 . Results. The spectroscopic processing pipeline produced median radial velocities for Gaia stars with narrow-band near-IR magnitude GRVS ≤ 12 (i.e. brighter than V ∼ 13). Stars identified as double-lined spectroscopic binaries were removed from the pipeline, while variable stars, single-lined, and non-detected double-lined spectroscopic binaries were treated as single stars. The scatter in radial velocity among different observations of a same star, also published in Gaia DR2, provides information about radial velocity variability. For the hottest (Te≥ 7000 K) and coolest (Te≤ 3500 K) stars, the accuracy and precision of the stellar parameter estimates are not sufficient to allow selection of appropriate templates. The radial velocities obtained for these stars were removed from DR2 . The pipeline also provides a first-order estimate of the performance obtained. The overall accuracy of radial velocity measurements is around ∼200-300 m s-1, and the overall precision is ∼1 km s-1; it reaches ∼200 m s-1 for the brightest stars.
- ItemGaia Data Release 2 : Properties and validation of the radial velocities(Les Ulis : EDP Sciences, 2019) Katz, D.; Sartoretti, P.; Cropper, M.; Panuzzo, P.; Seabroke, G.M.; Viala, Y.; Benson, K.; Blomme, R.; Jasniewicz, G.; Jean-Antoine, A.; Huckle, H.; Smith, M.; Baker, S.; Crifo, F.; Damerdji, Y.; David, M.; Dolding, C.; Frémat, Y.; Gosset, E.; Guerrier, A.; Guy, L. P.; Haigron, R.; Janßen, K.; Marchal, O.; Plum, G.; Soubiran, C.; Thévenin, F.; Ajaj, M.; Allende Prieto, C.; Babusiaux, C.; Boudreault, S.; Chemin, L.; Delle Luche, C.; Fabre, C.; Gueguen, A.; Hambly, N. C.; Lasne, Y.; Meynadier, F.; Pailler, F.; Panem, C.; Royer, F.; Tauran, G.; Zurbach, C.; Zwitter, T.; Arenou, F.; Bossini, D.; Gerssen, J.; Gómez, A.; Lemaitre, V.; Leclerc, N.; Morel, T.; Munari, U.; Turon, C.; Vallenari, A.; Žerjal, M.Context. For Gaia DR2, 280 million spectra collected by the Radial Velocity Spectrometer instrument on board Gaia were processed, and median radial velocities were derived for 9.8 million sources brighter than GRVS = 12 mag. Aims. This paper describes the validation and properties of the median radial velocities published in Gaia DR2. Methods. Quality tests and filters were applied to select those of the 9.8 million radial velocities that have the quality to be published in Gaia DR2. The accuracy of the selected sample was assessed with respect to ground-based catalogues. Its precision was estimated using both ground-based catalogues and the distribution of the Gaia radial velocity uncertainties. Results. Gaia DR2 contains median radial velocities for 7 224 631 stars, with Teff in the range [3550; 6900] K, which successfully passed the quality tests. The published median radial velocities provide a full-sky coverage and are complete with respect to the astrometric data to within 77.2% (for G ≤ 12:5 mag). The median radial velocity residuals with respect to the ground-based surveys vary from one catalogue to another, but do not exceed a few 100 m s-1. In addition, the Gaia radial velocities show a positive trend as a function of magnitude, which starts around GRVS ∼ 9 mag and reaches about +500 m s-1 at GRVS = 11:75 mag. The origin of the trend is under investigation, with the aim to correct for it in Gaia DR3. The overall precision, estimated from the median of the Gaia radial velocity uncertainties, is 1.05 km s-1. The radial velocity precision is a function of many parameters, in particular, the magnitude and effective temperature. For bright stars, GRVS 2 [4; 8] mag, the precision, estimated using the full dataset, is in the range 220-350 m s-1, which is about three to five times more precise than the pre-launch specification of 1 km s-1. At the faint end, GRVS = 11:75 mag, the precisions for Teff = 5000 and 6500 K are 1.4 and 3.7 km s-1, respectively.