Browsing by Author "Neilan, Michael"
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- ItemImproving efficiency of coupled schemes for Navier-Stokes equations by a connection to grad-div stabilitzed projection methods(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2013) Linke, Alexander; Neilan, Michael; Rebholz, Leo G.; Wilson, Nicholas E.We prove that in finite element settings where the divergence-free subspace of the velocity space has optimal approximation properties, the solution of Chorin/Temam projection methods for Navier-Stokes equations equipped with grad-div stabilization with parameter , converge to the associated coupled method solution with rate gamma as gamma -> ?. We prove this first for backward Euler schemes, and then extend the results to BDF2 schemes, and finally to schemes with outflow boundary conditions. Several numerical experiments are given which verify the convergence rate, and show how using projection methods in this setting with large grad-div stabilization parameters can dramatically improve accuracy.
- ItemOn the divergence constraint in mixed finite element methods for incompressible flows(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2015) John, Volker; Linke, Alexander; Merdon, Christian; Neilan, Michael; Rebholz, Leo G.The divergence constraint of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations is revisited in the mixed finite element framework. While many stable and convergent mixed elements have been developed throughout the past four decades, most classical methods relax the divergence constraint and only enforce the condition discretely. As a result, these methods introduce a pressure-dependent consistency error which can potentially pollute the computed velocity. These methods are not robust in the sense that a contribution from the right-hand side, which in fluences only the pressure in the continuous equations, impacts both velocity and pressure in the discrete equations. This paper reviews the theory and practical implications of relaxing the divergence constraint. Several approaches for improving the discrete mass balance or even for computing divergence-free solutions will be discussed: grad-div stabilization, higher order mixed methods derived on the basis of an exact de Rham complex, H(div)-conforming finite elements, and mixed methods with an appropriate reconstruction of the test functions. Numerical examples illustrate both the potential effects of using non-robust discretizations and the improvements obtained by utilizing pressure-robust discretizations.
- ItemQuasi-optimality of a pressure-robust nonconforming finite element method for the Stokes problem(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2017) Linke, Alexander; Merdon, Christian; Neilan, Michael; Neumann, FelixNearly all classical inf-sup stable mixed finite element methods for the incompressible Stokes equations are not pressure-robust, i.e., the velocity error is dependent on the pressure. However, recent results show that pressure-robustness can be recovered by a non-standard discretization of the right hand side alone. This variational crime introduces a consistency error in the method which can be estimated in a straightforward manner provided that the exact velocity solution is sufficiently smooth. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the pressurerobust scheme with low regularity. The numerical analysis applies divergence-free H1-conforming Stokes finite element methods as a theoretical tool. As an example, pressure-robust velocity and pressure a-priori error estimates will be presented for the (first order) nonconforming CrouzeixRaviart element. A key feature in the analysis is the dependence of the errors on the Helmholtz projector of the right hand side data, and not on the entire data term. Numerical examples illustrate the theoretical results.