Browsing by Author "Okulov, I."
Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
Results Per Page
- ItemFabrication of metastable crystalline nanocomposites by flash annealing of Cu47.5Zr47.5Al5 metallic glass using joule heating(Basel : MDPI AG, 2020) Okulov, I.; Soldatov, I.; Kaban, I.; Sarac, B.; Spieckermann, F.; Eckert, J.Flash Joule-heating was applied to the Cu47.5Zr47.5Al5 metallic glass for designing fully crystalline metastable nanocomposites consisting of the metastable B2 CuZr and low-temperature equilibrium Cu10Zr7 phases. The onset of crystallization was in situ controlled by monitoring resistivity changes in the samples. The effect of heating rate and annealing time on the volume fraction of the crystalline phases and mechanical properties of the nanocomposites was studied in detail. Particularly, an increase of the heating rate and a decrease of the annealing time lead to a lower number of equilibrium Cu10Zr7 precipitates and an increase of tensile ductility. Tailoring of these non-equilibrium microstructures and mechanical properties may not be possible unless one starts with a fully glassy material that opens new perspectives for designing metastable nanomaterials with unique physical properties.
- ItemProcessing of intermetallic titanium aluminide wires(Basel : MDPI AG, 2013) Marr, T.; Freudenberger, J.; Kauffmann, A.; Romberg, J.; Okulov, I.; Petters, R.; Scharnweber, J.; Eschke, A.; Oertel, C.-G.; Kühn, U.; Eckert, J.; Skrotzki, W.; Schultz, L.This study shows the possibility of processing titanium aluminide wires by cold deformation and annealing. An accumulative swaging and bundling technique is used to co-deform Ti and Al. Subsequently, a two step heat treatment is applied to form the desired intermetallics, which strongly depends on the ratio of Ti and Al in the final composite and therefore on the geometry of the starting composite. In a first step, the whole amount of Al is transformed to TiAl3 by Al diffusion into Ti. This involves the formation of 12% porosity. In a second step, the complete microstructure is transformed into the equilibrium state of γ-TiAl and TiAl3. Using this approach, it is possible to obtain various kinds of gradient materials, since there is an intrinsic concentration gradient installed due to the swaging and bundling technique, but the processing of pure γ-TiAl wires is possible as well.
- ItemTi-Al composite wires with high specific strength(Basel : MDPI AG, 2011) Marr, T.; Freudenberger, J.; Seifert, D.; Klauß, H.; Romberg, J.; Okulov, I.; Scharnweber, J.; Eschke, A.; Oertel, C.-G.; Skrotzki, W.; Kühn, U.; Eckert, J.; Schultz, L.An alternative deformation technique was applied to a composite made of titanium and an aluminium alloy in order to achieve severe plastic deformation. This involves accumulative swaging and bundling. Furthermore, it allows uniform deformation of a composite material while producing a wire which can be further used easily. Detailed analysis concerning the control of the deformation process, mesostructural and microstructural features and tensile testing was carried out on the as produced wires. A strong grain refinement to a grain size of 250–500 nm accompanied by a decrease in h111i fibre texture component and a change from low angle to high angle grain boundary characteristics is observed in the Al alloy. A strong increase in the mechanical properties in terms of ultimate tensile strength ranging from 600 to 930 MPa being equivalent to a specific strength of up to 223 MPa/g/cm3 was achieved.