Browsing by Author "Stöcker, Hartmut"
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- ItemCharged domains in ferroelectric, polycrystalline yttrium manganite thin films resolved with scanning electron microscopy(Bristol : IOP Publ., 2020) Rayapati, Venkata Rao; Bürger, Danilo; Du, Nan; Kowol, Cornelia; Blaschke, Daniel; Stöcker, Hartmut; Matthes, Patrick; Patra, Rajkumar; Skorupa, Ilona; Schulz, Stefan E.; Schmidt, HeidemarieWe have investigated ferroelectric charged domains in polycrystalline hexagonal yttrium manganite thin films (Y1Mn1O3, Y0.95Mn1.05O3, Y1Mn0.99Ti0.01O3, and Y0.94Mn1.05Ti0.01O3) by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in secondary electron emission mode with a small acceleration voltage. Using SEM at an acceleration voltage of 1.0 kV otherwise homogenous surface charging effects are reduced, polarization charges can be observed and polarization directions (±Pz) of the ferroelectric domains in the polycrystalline thin films can be identified. Thin films of different chemical composition have been deposited by pulsed laser deposition on Pt/SiO2/Si structures under otherwise same growth conditions. Using SEM it has been shown that different charged domain density networks are existing in polycrystalline yttrium manganite thin films. © 2020 IOP Publishing Ltd.
- ItemMagnetooptical response of permalloy multilayer structures on different substrate in the IR-VIS-UV spectral range(Bristol : IOP Publ., 2019) Patra, Rajkumar; Mattheis, Roland; Stöcker, Hartmut; Monecke, Manuel; Salvan, Georgeta; Schäfer, Rudolf; Schmidt, Oliver G.; Schmidt, HeidemarieThe magnetooptical (MO) response of Ru/Py/Ta thin film stacks with 4, 8, and 17 nm thick Ni81Fe19 permalloy (Py) films on a SiO2/Si and a ZnO substrate was measured by vector magnetooptical generalized ellipsometry. The MO response from VMOGE was modelled using a 4 × 4 Mueller matrix algorithm. The wavelength-dependent, substrate-independent and thickness-independent complex MO coupling constant (Q) of Py in the Ru/Py/Ta thin film stacks was extracted by fitting Mueller matrix difference spectra in the spectral range from 300 nm to 1000 nm. Although the composition-dependent saturation magnetization of NixFe1−x alloys (x = 0.0...1.0), e.g. of Ni81Fe19, is predictable from the two saturation magnetization end points, the MO coupling constant of NixFe1−x is not predictable from the two Q end points. However, in a small alloy range (0.0 < x < 0.2 and 0.8 < x < 1.0) the composition-dependent Q of NixFe1−x can be interpolated from a sufficiently high number of analyzed NixFe1−x alloys. The available complex MO coupling constants of six different NixFe1−x (x = 1.0 to 0.0) alloys were used to interpolate MO response of binary NixFe1−x alloys in the range from x = 0.0 to x = 1.0.
- ItemSample chamber for synchrotron based in-situ X-ray diffraction experiments under electric fields and temperatures between 100 K and 1250 K(Chester : IUCr, 2021) Nentwich, Melanie; Weigel, Tina; Richter, Carsten; Stöcker, Hartmut; Mehner, Erik; Jachalke, Sven; Novikov, Dmitri V.; Zschornak, Matthias; Meyer, Dirk C.Many scientific questions require X-ray experiments conducted at varying temperatures, sometimes combined with the application of electric fields. Here, a customized sample chamber developed for beamlines P23 and P24 of PETRA III at DESY to suit these demands is presented. The chamber body consists mainly of standard vacuum parts housing the heater/cooler assembly supplying a temperature range of 100 K to 1250 K and an xyz manipulator holding an electric contact needle for electric measurements at both high voltage and low current. The chamber is closed by an exchangeable hemispherical dome offering all degrees of freedom for single-crystal experiments within one hemisphere of solid angle. The currently available dome materials (PC, PS, PEEK polymers) differ in their absorption and scattering characteristics, with PEEK providing the best overall performance. The article further describes heating and cooling capabilities, electric characteristics, and plans for future upgrades of the chamber. Examples of applications are discussed.