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|Title:||Vimentin levels and serine 71 phosphorylation in the control of cell-matrix adhesions, migration speed, and shape of transformed human fibroblasts|
|Authors:||Terriac, Emmanuel; Coceano, Giovanna; Mavajian, Zahra; Hageman, Tijmen A.G.; Christ, Andreas F.; Testa, Ilaria; Lautenschläger, Franziska; Gad, Annica K.G.|
|Published in:||Cells, Volume 6, Issue 1|
|Publisher:||Basel : MDPI|
|Abstract:||Metastasizing tumor cells show increased expression of the intermediate filament (IF) protein vimentin, which has been used to diagnose invasive tumors for decades. Recent observations indicate that vimentin is not only a passive marker for carcinoma, but may also induce tumor cell invasion. To clarify how vimentin IFs control cell adhesions and migration, we analyzed the nanoscale (30–50 nm) spatial organization of vimentin IFs and cell-matrix adhesions in metastatic fibroblast cells, using three-color stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy. We also studied whether wild-type and phospho-deficient or -mimicking mutants of vimentin changed the size and lifetime of focal adhesions (FAs), cell shape, and cell migration, using live-cell total internal reflection imaging and confocal microscopy. We observed that vimentin exists in fragments of different lengths. Short fragments were mostly the size of a unit-length filament and were mainly localized close to small cell-matrix adhesions. Long vimentin filaments were found in the proximity of large FAs. Vimentin expression in these cells caused a reduction in FAs size and an elongated cell shape, but did not affect FA lifetime, or the speed or directionality of cell migration. Expression of a phospho-mimicking mutant (S71D) of vimentin increased the speed of cell migration. Taken together, our results suggest that in highly migratory, transformed mesenchymal cells, vimentin levels control the cell shape and FA size, but not cell migration, which instead is linked to the phosphorylation status of S71 vimentin. These observations are consistent with the possibility that not only levels, but also the assembly status of vimentin control cell migration.|
|Keywords:||focal adhesions; vimentin; cell migration; total internal reflection (TIRF) microscopy; stimulated emission depletion (STED) microscopy|
|License:||This document may be downloaded, read, stored and printed for your own use within the limits of § 53 UrhG but it may not be distributed via the internet or passed on to external parties.|
Dieses Dokument darf im Rahmen von § 53 UrhG zum eigenen Gebrauch kostenfrei heruntergeladen, gelesen, gespeichert und ausgedruckt, aber nicht im Internet bereitgestellt oder an Außenstehende weitergegeben werden.
|Appears in Collections:||Biowissenschaften|
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Terriac, E., Coceano, G., Mavajian, Z., Hageman, T. A. G., Christ, A. F., Testa, I., Lautenschläger, F. and Gad, A. K. G. (2017) “Vimentin levels and serine 71 phosphorylation in the control of cell-matrix adhesions, migration speed, and shape of transformed human fibroblasts.” Basel : MDPI. doi: https://doi.org/10.3390/cells6010002.
Terriac, E., Coceano, G., Mavajian, Z., Hageman, T. A. G., Christ, A. F., Testa, I., Lautenschläger, F., & Gad, A. K. G. (2017). Vimentin levels and serine 71 phosphorylation in the control of cell-matrix adhesions, migration speed, and shape of transformed human fibroblasts (Version publishedVersion, Vol. 6). Version publishedVersion, Vol. 6. Basel : MDPI. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3390/cells6010002
Terriac E, Coceano G, Mavajian Z, Hageman T A G, Christ A F, Testa I, Lautenschläger F, Gad A K G. Vimentin levels and serine 71 phosphorylation in the control of cell-matrix adhesions, migration speed, and shape of transformed human fibroblasts. 2017;6(1). doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/cells6010002
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