Search Results

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
  • Item
    Fingerprint of volcanic forcing on the ENSO-Indian monsoon coupling
    (Washington, DC [u.a.] : Assoc., 2020) Singh, M.; Krishnan, R.; Goswami, B.; Choudhury, A. D.; Swapna, P.; Vellore, R.; Prajeesh, A. G.; Sandeep, N.; Venkataraman, C.; Donner, R. V.; Marwan, N.; Kurths, J.
    Coupling of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian monsoon (IM) is central to seasonal summer monsoon rainfall predictions over the Indian subcontinent, although a nonstationary relationship between the two nonlinear phenomena can limit seasonal predictability. Radiative effects of volcanic aerosols injected into the stratosphere during large volcanic eruptions (LVEs) tend to alter ENSO evolution; however, their impact on ENSO-IM coupling remains unclear. Here, we investigate how LVEs influence the nonlinear behavior of the ENSO and IM dynamical systems using historical data, 25 paleoclimate reconstructions, last-millennium climate simulations, large-ensemble targeted climate sensitivity experiments, and advanced analysis techniques. Our findings show that LVEs promote a significantly enhanced phase-synchronization of the ENSO and IM oscillations, due to an increase in the angular frequency of ENSO. The results also shed innovative insights into the physical mechanism underlying the LVE-induced enhancement of ENSO-IM coupling and strengthen the prospects for improved seasonal monsoon predictions.