Browsing by Author "Chaves-Fraga, David"
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- ItemEnhancing Virtual Ontology Based Access over Tabular Data with Morph-CSV(Amsterdam : IOS Press, 2020) Chaves-Fraga, David; Ruckhaus, Edna; Priyatna, Freddy; Vidal, Maria-Esther; Corchio, OscarOntology-Based Data Access (OBDA) has traditionally focused on providing a unified view of heterogeneous datasets, either by materializing integrated data into RDF or by performing on-the fly querying via SPARQL query translation. In the specific case of tabular datasets represented as several CSV or Excel files, query translation approaches have been applied by considering each source as a single table that can be loaded into a relational database management system (RDBMS). Nevertheless, constraints over these tables are not represented; thus, neither consistency among attributes nor indexes over tables are enforced. As a consequence, efficiency of the SPARQL-to-SQL translation process may be affected, as well as the completeness of the answers produced during the evaluation of the generated SQL query. Our work is focused on applying implicit constraints on the OBDA query translation process over tabular data. We propose Morph-CSV, a framework for querying tabular data that exploits information from typical OBDA inputs (e.g., mappings, queries) to enforce constraints that can be used together with any SPARQL-to-SQL OBDA engine. Morph-CSV relies on both a constraint component and a set of constraint operators. For a given set of constraints, the operators are applied to each type of constraint with the aim of enhancing query completeness and performance. We evaluate Morph-CSV in several domains: e-commerce with the BSBM benchmark; transportation with a benchmark using the GTFS dataset from the Madrid subway; and biology with a use case extracted from the Bio2RDF project. We compare and report the performance of two SPARQL-to-SQL OBDA engines, without and with the incorporation of MorphCSV. The observed results suggest that Morph-CSV is able to speed up the total query execution time by up to two orders of magnitude, while it is able to produce all the query answers.
- ItemFunMap: Efficient Execution of Functional Mappings for Knowledge Graph Creation(Cham : Springer, 2020) Jozashoori, Samaneh; Chaves-Fraga, David; Iglesias, Enrique; Vidal, Maria-Esther; Corcho, Oscar; Pan, Jeff Z.; Tamma, Valentina; d'Amato, Claudia; Janowicz, Kryztof; Fu, Bo; Polleres, Axel; Seneviratne, Oshani; Kagal, LalanaData has exponentially grown in the last years, and knowledge graphs constitute powerful formalisms to integrate a myriad of existing data sources. Transformation functions – specified with function-based mapping languages like FunUL and RML+FnO – can be applied to overcome interoperability issues across heterogeneous data sources. However, the absence of engines to efficiently execute these mapping languages hinders their global adoption. We propose FunMap, an interpreter of function-based mapping languages; it relies on a set of lossless rewriting rules to push down and materialize the execution of functions in initial steps of knowledge graph creation. Although applicable to any function-based mapping language that supports joins between mapping rules, FunMap feasibility is shown on RML+FnO. FunMap reduces data redundancy, e.g., duplicates and unused attributes, and converts RML+FnO mappings into a set of equivalent rules executable on RML-compliant engines. We evaluate FunMap performance over real-world testbeds from the biomedical domain. The results indicate that FunMap reduces the execution time of RML-compliant engines by up to a factor of 18, furnishing, thus, a scalable solution for knowledge graph creation.
- ItemPreface(Aachen, Germany : RWTH Aachen, 2019) Kaffee, Lucie-Aimee; Endris, Kemele M.; Vidal, Maria-Esther; Comerio, Marco; Sadeghi, Mersedeh; Chaves-Fraga; David, Colpaert Pieter; Kaffee, Lucie Aimée; Endris, Kemele M.; Vidal, María-Esther; Comerio, Marco; Sadeghi, Mersedeh; Chaves-Fraga, David; Colpaert, PieterThis volumne presents the proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Approaches for Making Data Interoperable (AMAR 2019) and 1st International Workshop on Semantics for Transport (Sem4Tra) held in Karlsruhe, Germany, September 9, 2019, co-located with SEMANTiCS 2019. Interoperability of data is an important factor to make transportation data accessible, therefore we present the topics alongside each other in this proceedings.
- ItemSDM-RDFizer: An RML Interpreter for the Efficient Creation of RDF Knowledge Graphs(New York City, NY : Association for Computing Machinery, 2020) Iglesias, Enrique; Jozashoori, Samaneh; Chaves-Fraga, David; Collarana, Diego; Vidal, Maria-EstherIn recent years, the amount of data has increased exponentially, and knowledge graphs have gained attention as data structures to integrate data and knowledge harvested from myriad data sources. However, data complexity issues like large volume, high-duplicate rate, and heterogeneity usually characterize these data sources, being required data management tools able to address the negative impact of these issues on the knowledge graph creation process. In this paper, we propose the SDM-RDFizer, an interpreter of the RDF Mapping Language (RML), to transform raw data in various formats into an RDF knowledge graph. SDM-RDFizer implements novel algorithms to execute the logical operators between mappings in RML, allowing thus to scale up to complex scenarios where data is not only broad but has a high-duplication rate. We empirically evaluate the SDM-RDFizer performance against diverse testbeds with diverse configurations of data volume, duplicates, and heterogeneity. The observed results indicate that SDM-RDFizer is two orders of magnitude faster than state of the art, thus, meaning that SDM-RDFizer an interoperable and scalable solution for knowledge graph creation. SDM-RDFizer is publicly available as a resource through a Github repository and a DOI.