The regime of Aerosol Optical Depth and Ångström exponent over Central and South Asia

Abstract

Central and South Asia are regions of particular interest for studying atmospheric aerosols, being among the largest sources of desert dust aerosols globally. In this study we use the newest collection (C061) of MODIS-Aqua aerosol optical depth (AOD) at 550 nm and Ångström exponent (a) at 412/470 nm over the 15-year period between 2002 and 2017, providing the longest analyzed dataset for this region. According to our results, during spring and summer, high aerosol load (AOD up to 1.2) consisting of coarse desert dust particles, as indicated by a values as low as 0.15, is observed over the Taklamakan, Thar and Registan deserts and the region between the Aral and Caspian seas. The dust load is much lower during winter and autumn (lower AOD and higher a values compared to the other seasons). The interannual variation of AOD and a suggests that the dust load exhibits large decreasing trends (AOD slopes down to-0.22, a slopes up to 0.47 decade-1) over the Thar desert and large increasing trends between the Aral and Caspian seas (AOD and a slopes up to 0.23 decade-1 and down to-0.61 decade-1, respectively.) The AOD data are evaluated against AERONET surface-based measurements. Generally, MODIS and AERONET data are in good agreement with a correlation coefficient (R) equal to 0.835. © 2019 The Authors, published by EDP Sciences.

Description
Keywords
Arid regions, Dust, Landforms, Optical properties, Radiometers, AERONET data, Aerosol optical depths, Caspian sea, Correlation coefficient, Desert dust, Interannual variation, Surface-based, Thar Desert, Atmospheric aerosols
Citation
Floutsi, A. A., Korras Carraca, M. B., Matsoukas, C., Hatzianastassiou, N., & Biskos, G. (2019). The regime of Aerosol Optical Depth and Ångström exponent over Central and South Asia. 99. Les Ulis : EDP Sciences. https://doi.org//10.1051/e3sconf/20199901003
License
CC BY 4.0 Unported