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Now showing 1 - 10 of 13
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    Simulation of pulse propagation in nonlinear optical fibers
    (Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2003) Bandelow, Uwe; Demircan, Ayhan; Kesting, Martin
    We solve numerically a generalized nonlinear Schroedinger equation by using a pseudospectral method. Integration is performed by using an eight-order Runge-Kutta scheme. The numerical method therefore differs from the commonly used split-step method. Effects such as the impact of group velocity dispersion (GVD) up to fourth-order dispersion, self phase modulation (SPM), self-steepening and intrapulse Raman scattering can be investigated with the code. Examples for the above effects are demonstrated, as well as their interplay in the context of soliton propagation and sub-picosecond pulses.
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    Mode transitions in distributed-feedback tapered master-oscillator power-amplifier
    (Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2008) Radziunas, Mindaugas; Tronciu, Vasile Z.; Bandelow, Uwe; Lichtner, Mark; Spreemann, Martin; Wenzel, Hans
    Theoretical and experimental investigations have been carried out to study the spectral and spatial behavior of monolithically integrated distributed-feedback tapered master-oscillators power-amplifiers emitting around 973 nm. Introduction of self and cross heating effects and the analysis of longitudinal optical modes allows us to explain experimental results. The results show a good qualitative agreement between measured and calculated characteristics.
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    Padé approximant for refractive index and nonlocal envelope equations
    (Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2009) Amiranashvili, Shalva; Mielke, Alexander; Bandelow, Uwe
    Padé approximant is superior to Taylor expansion when functions contain poles. This is especially important for response functions in complex frequency domain, where singularities are present and intimately related to resonances and absorption. Therefore we introduce a diagonal Padé approximant for the complex refractive index and apply it to the description of short optical pulses. This yields a new nonlocal envelope equation for pulse propagation. The model offers a global representation of arbitrary medium dispersion and absorption, e.g., the fulfillment of the Kramers-Kronig relation can be established. In practice, the model yields an adequate description of spectrally broad pulses for which the polynomial dispersion operator diverges and can induce huge errors.
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    A model equation for ultrashort optical pulses
    (Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2008) Amiranashvili, Shalva; Vladimirov, Andrei; Bandelow, Uwe
    The nonlinear Schrödinger equation based on the Taylor approximation of the material dispersion can become invalid for ultrashort and few-cycle optical pulses. Instead, we use a rational fit to the dispersion function such that the resonances are naturally accounted for. This approach allows us to derive a simple non-envelope model for short pulses propagating in one spatial dimension. This model is further investigated numerically and analytically.
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    On the propagation of vector ultra-short pulses
    (Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2006) Pietrzyk, Monika; Kanattsikov, I.; Bandelow, Uwe
    A two component vector generalization of the Schäfer-Wayne short pulse equation which describes propagation of ultra-short pulses in optical fibers with Kerr nonlinearity beyond the slowly varying envelope approximation and takes into account the effects of anisotropy and polarization is presented. As a special case, the integrable two-component short pulse equations are constructed which represent the counterpart of the Manakov system in the case of ultra-short pulses.
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    A model for mode-locking in quantum dot lasers
    (Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2006) Viktorov, Evgeny; Mandel, Paul; Vladimirov, Andrei; Bandelow, Uwe
    We propose a model for passive mode-locking in quantum dot laser and report on specific dynamical properties of the regime which is characterized by a fast gain recovery. No Q-switching instability has been found accompanying the mode-locking. Bistability can occur between the mode-locking regime and zero intensity steady state.
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    Limit for pulse compression by pulse splitting
    (Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2006) Demircan, Ayhan; Bandelow, Uwe
    We have detected a fundamental pulse-compression limit for high-nonlinear fibers in the normal dispersion regime near the zero-dispersion wavelength. The desired generation of a broadband continuum by self-phase modulation is limited by already small amounts of third-order dispersion, which results in pulse splitting above a critical pulse power. We investigate the critical fiber length in dependence on pulse- and fiber parameters.
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    Analysis of the interplay between soliton fission and modulation instability in supercontinuum generation
    (Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2006) Demircan, Ayhan; Bandelow, Uwe
    We investigate the generation mechanisms for ultrawide spectra in nonlinear optical fibers. Soliton fission and modulation instability represent fundamental mechanisms for the generation process. The primary origin of the spectral broadening changes with the pump-pulse duration. Soliton fission dominates for low input power and short pulses. Its efficiency for supercontinuum generation and especially the extend to the blue side can be increased by proper design of the dispersion profile. The modulation instability has a strong impact for high input powers and greatly enhances the generation process, but leads to a degradation of the coherence properties. Also for short pulses with durations of 60 fs the modulation instability is present and can hardly be suppressed. The interplay between these two effects leads to various characteristics of the resulting spectra, which are modified by to the relative impact of the modulation instability.
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    Compression limit by third-order dispersion in the normal dispersion regime
    (Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2006) Demircan, Ayhan; Kroh, Marcel; Bandelow, Uwe; Hüttl, Bernd; Weber, Hans-Georg
    Broad-band continua at gigahertz rates generated in high-nonlinear dispersion flattened fibers in the normal dispersion regime near the zero-dispersion wavelength can be used for a subsequent efficient pulse compression, leading to stable high-repetition-rate trains of femtosecond pulses. We show experimentally and theoretically that third-order dispersion defines a critical power, where beyond further compression is inhibited. This fundamental limit is caused by a pulse-breakup.
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    Improving the modulation bandwidth in semiconductor lasers by passive feedback
    (Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2006) Radziunas, Mindaugas; Glitzky, Annegret; Bandelow, Uwe; Wolfrum, Matthias; Troppenz, Ute; Kreissl, Jochen; Rehbein, Wolfgang
    We explore the concept of passive-feedback lasers for direct signal modulation at 40 Gbit/s. Based on numerical simulation and bifurcation analysis, we explain the main mechanisms in these devices which are crucial for modulation at high speed. The predicted effects are demonstrated experimentally by means of correspondingly designed devices. In particular a significant improvement of the modulation bandwidth at low injection currents can be demonstrated.