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- ItemError estimates for space-time discretizations of a rate-independent variational inequality(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2009) Mielke, Alexander; Paoli, Laetitia; Petrov, Adrien; Stefanelli, UlisseThis paper deals with error estimates for space-time discretizations in the context of evolutionary variational inequalities of rate-independent type. After introducing a general abstract evolution problem, we address a fully-discrete approximation and provide a priori error estimates. The application of the abstract theory to a semilinear case is detailed. In particular, we provide explicit space-time convergence rates for the isothermal Souza-Auricchio model for shape-memory alloys.
- ItemA rate-independent model for the isothermal quasi-static evolution of shape-memory materials(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2006) Auricchio, Ferdinando; Mielke, Alexander; Stefanelli, UlisseThis note addresses a three-dimensional model for isothermal stress-induced transformation in shape-memory polycrystalline materials. We treat the problem within the framework of the energetic formulation of rate-independent processes and investigate existence and continuous dependence issues at both the constitutive relation and quasi-static evolution level. Moreover, we focus on time and space approximation as well as on regularization and parameter asymptotics.
- ItemPadé approximant for refractive index and nonlocal envelope equations(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2009) Amiranashvili, Shalva; Mielke, Alexander; Bandelow, UwePadé approximant is superior to Taylor expansion when functions contain poles. This is especially important for response functions in complex frequency domain, where singularities are present and intimately related to resonances and absorption. Therefore we introduce a diagonal Padé approximant for the complex refractive index and apply it to the description of short optical pulses. This yields a new nonlocal envelope equation for pulse propagation. The model offers a global representation of arbitrary medium dispersion and absorption, e.g., the fulfillment of the Kramers-Kronig relation can be established. In practice, the model yields an adequate description of spectrally broad pulses for which the polynomial dispersion operator diverges and can induce huge errors.
- ItemA complete-damage problem at small strains(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2007) Bouchitté, Guy; Mielke, Alexander; Roubíček, TomášThe complete damage of a linearly-responding material that can thus completely disintegrate is addressed at small strains under time-varying Dirichlet boundary conditions as a rate-independent evolution problem in multidimensional situations. The stored energy involves the gradient of the damage variable. This variable as well as the stress and energies are shown to be well defined even under complete damage, in contrast to displacement and strain. Existence of an energetic solution is proved, in particular, by detailed investigating the $Gamma$-limit of the stored energy and its dependence on boundary conditions. Eventually, the theory is illustrated on a one-dimensional example.
- ItemDamage of nonlinearly elastic materials at small strain : existence and regularity results(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2009) Thomas, Marita; Mielke, AlexanderLiteraturverz. S. 31 In this paper an existence result for energetic solutions of rate-independent damage processes is established and the temporal regularity of the solution is discussed. We consider a body consisting of a physically nonlinearly elastic material undergoing small deformations and partial damage. The present work is a generalization of [Mielke-Roubicek 2006] concerning the properties of the stored elastic energy density as well as the suitable Sobolev space for the damage variable: While previous work assumes that the damage variable z satisfies z ? W^1,r (Omega) with r>d for Omega ? R^d, we can handle the case r>1 by a new technique for the construction of joint recovery sequences. Moreover, this work generalizes the temporal regularity results to physically nonlinearly elastic materials by analyzing Lipschitz- and Hölder-continuity of solutions with respect to time.
- ItemDispersive stability of infinite dimensional Hamiltonian systems on lattices(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2009) Mielke, Alexander; Patz, CarstenWe derive dispersive stability results for oscillator chains like the FPU chain or the discrete Klein-Gordon chain. If the nonlinearity is of degree higher than 4, then small localized initial data decay like in the linear case. For this, we provide sharp decay estimates for the linearized problem using oscillatory integrals and avoiding the nonoptimal interpolation between different $ell^p$ spaces
- ItemOn an evolutionary model for complete damage based on energies and stresses(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2007) Mielke, AlexanderA recent model allows for complete damage, such that the deformation is not well-defined. The evolution can be described in terms of energy densities and stresses. We introduce the notion of weak energetic solution and show how the existence theory can be generalized to convex, but non-quadratic elastic energies.
- ItemLagrangian and Hamiltonian two-scale reduction(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2008) Giannoulis, Johannes; Herrmann, Michael; Mielke, AlexanderStudying high-dimensional Hamiltonian systems with microstructure, it is an important and challenging problem to identify reduced macroscopic models that describe some effective dynamics on large spatial and temporal scales. This paper concerns the question how reasonable macroscopic Lagrangian and Hamiltonian structures can by derived from the microscopic system. In the first part we develop a general approach to this problem by considering non-canonical Hamiltonian structures on the tangent bundle. This approach can be applied to all Hamiltonian lattices (or Hamiltonian PDEs) and involves three building blocks: (i) the embedding of the microscopic system, (ii) an invertible two-scale transformation that encodes the underlying scaling of space and time, (iii) an elementary model reduction that is based on a Principle of Consistent Expansions. In the second part we exemplify the reduction approach and derive various reduced PDE models for the atomic chain. The reduced equations are either related to long wave-length motion or describe the macroscopic modulation of an oscillatory microstructure.
- ItemBV solutions and viscosity approximations of rate-independent systems(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2009) Mielke, Alexander; Rossi, Riccarda; Savaré, GiuseppeIn the nonconvex case solutions of rate-independent systems may develop jumps as a function of time. To model such jumps, we adopt the philosophy that rate independence should be considered as limit of systems with smaller and smaller viscosity. For the finite-dimensional case we study the vanishing-viscosity limit of doubly nonlinear equations given in terms of a differentiable energy functional and a dissipation potential which is a viscous regularization of a given rate-independent dissipation potential. The resulting definition of `BV solutions' involves, in a nontrivial way, both the rate-independent and the viscous dissipation potential, which play a crucial role in the description of the associated jump trajectories. We shall prove a general convergence result for the time-continuous and for the time-discretized viscous approximations and establish various properties of the limiting $BV$ solutions. In particular, we shall provide a careful description of the jumps and compare the new notion of solutions with the related concepts of energetic and local solutions to rate-independent systems.
- ItemNumerical approaches to rate-independent processes and applicaitons in inelasticity(Berlin : Weierstraß-Institut für Angewandte Analysis und Stochastik, 2006) Mielke, Alexander; Roubíček, TomašA general abstract approximation scheme for rate-independent processes in the energetic formulation is proposed and its convergence is proved under various rather mild data qualifications. The abstract theory is illustrated on several examples: plasticity with isotropic hardening, damage, debonding, magnetostriction, and two models of martensitic transformation in shape-memory alloys.