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    Independent Geometrical Control of Spin and Charge Resistances in Curved Spintronics
    (Washington, DC : ACS Publ., 2019) Das, Kumar Sourav; Makarov, Denys; Gentile, Paola; Cuoco, Mario; Van Wees, Bart J.; Ortix, Carmine; Vera-Marun, Ivan J.
    Spintronic devices operating with pure spin currents represent a new paradigm in nanoelectronics, with a higher energy efficiency and lower dissipation as compared to charge currents. This technology, however, will be viable only if the amount of spin current diffusing in a nanochannel can be tuned on demand while guaranteeing electrical compatibility with other device elements, to which it should be integrated in high-density three-dimensional architectures. Here, we address these two crucial milestones and demonstrate that pure spin currents can effectively propagate in metallic nanochannels with a three-dimensional curved geometry. Remarkably, the geometric design of the nanochannels can be used to reach an independent tuning of spin transport and charge transport characteristics. These results laid the foundation for the design of efficient pure spin current-based electronics, which can be integrated in complex three-dimensional architectures. © 2019 American Chemical Society.
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    Publisher Correction: Multiple fermion scattering in the weakly coupled spin-chain compound YbAlO3 (Nature Communications, (2021), 12, 1, (3599), 10.1038/s41467-021-23585-z)
    ([London] : Nature Publishing Group UK, 2021) Nikitin, S.E.; Nishimoto, S.; Fan, Y.; Wu, J.; Wu, L.S.; Sukhanov, A.S.; Brando, M.; Pavlovskii, N.S.; Xu, J.; Vasylechko, L.; Yu, R.; Podlesnyak, A.
    [No abstract available]
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    Promoting abnormal grain growth in Fe-based shape memory alloys through compositional adjustments
    (London : Nature Publishing Group, 2019) Vollmer, M.; Arold, T.; Kriegel, M.J.; Klemm, V.; Degener, S.; Freudenberger, J.; Niendorf, T.
    Iron-based shape memory alloys are promising candidates for large-scale structural applications due to their cost efficiency and the possibility of using conventional processing routes from the steel industry. However, recently developed alloy systems like Fe–Mn–Al–Ni suffer from low recoverability if the grains do not completely cover the sample cross-section. To overcome this issue, here we show that small amounts of titanium added to Fe–Mn–Al–Ni significantly enhance abnormal grain growth due to a considerable refinement of the subgrain sizes, whereas small amounts of chromium lead to a strong inhibition of abnormal grain growth. By tailoring and promoting abnormal grain growth it is possible to obtain very large single crystalline bars. We expect that the findings of the present study regarding the elementary mechanisms of abnormal grain growth and the role of chemical composition can be applied to tailor other alloy systems with similar microstructural features.
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    Dynamic volume magnetic domain wall imaging in grain oriented electrical steel at power frequencies with accumulative high-frame rate neutron dark-field imaging
    (London : Nature Publishing Group, 2018) Harti, R.P.; Strobl, M.; Schäfer, R.; Kardjilov, N.; Tremsin, A.S.; Grünzweig, C.
    The mobility of magnetic domains forms the link between the basic physical properties of a magnetic material and its global characteristics such as permeability and saturation field. Most commonly, surface domain structure are studied using magneto-optical Kerr microscopy. The limited information depth of approx. 20 nanometers, however, allows only for an indirect interpretation of the internal volume domain structures. Here we show how accumulative high-frame rate dynamic neutron dark-field imaging is able for the first time to visualize the dynamic of the volume magnetic domain structures in grain oriented electrical steel laminations at power frequencies. In particular we studied the volume domain structures with a spatial resolution of ∼100 μm and successfully quantified domain sizes, wall velocities, domain annihilation and its duration and domain wall multiplication in real time recordings at power frequencies of 10, 25 and 50 Hz with ±262.5 A/m and ±525 A/m (peak to peak) applied field.
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    Temperature-dependent dynamic compressive properties and failure mechanisms of the additively manufactured CoCrFeMnNi high entropy alloy
    (Oxford : Elsevier Science, 2022) Chen, Hongyu; Liu, Yang; Wang, Yonggang; Li, Zhiguo; Wang, Di; Kosiba, Konrad
    CoCrFeMnNi high entropy alloy (HEA) parts were fabricated by laser powder bed fusion (LPBF), and their dynamic compressive properties at different temperatures as well as the resulting microstructures were analyzed. The HEAs showed an unprecedented strength-ductility combination, especially at a cryogenic temperature of 77 K and a high strain rate of 3000 s−1. Under this testing condition, the yield strength (YS) of the HEAs amounted to 665 MPa. Regardless of the testing temperature, the deformation mechanism of all investigated HEAs was dominated by a synergistic effect consisting of deformation twinning and dislocation pile-up around twins. The fraction of twin boundaries and dislocation density within the deformed microstructure of the HEA correlated with the test temperature. At 77 K, the formation of nanotwins together with dislocation slip prevailed and contributed to pronounced twin-twin and twin-dislocation interactions which effectively restricted the dislocation movement and, hence, contributed to a higher YS as well as strain hardening rate in comparison to that of the HEAs at room temperature of 298 K. The LPBF-fabricated HEAs showed unpronounced thermal softening even at a high testing temperature of 1073 K. Continuous dynamic recrystallization was restricted in the HEA because of its inherent sluggish dislocation kinetics and low stacking fault energy.
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    Bicrystalline grain boundary junctions of Co-doped and P-doped Ba-122 thin films
    (Milton Park : Taylor & Francis, 2014) Schmidt, S.; Döring, S.; Schmidl, F.; Kurth, F.; Iida, K.; Holzapfel, B.; Kawaguchi, T.; Mori, Y.; Ikuta, H.; Seidel, P.
    We prepared GB junctions of Ba(Fe0.9Co0.1)2As2 thin films on bicrystalline [00 l]-tilt SrTiO3 substrates. The junctions show clear Josephson effects. Electrical characterization shows asymmetric I-V characteristics which can be described within the resistively shunted junction (RSJ) model. A large excess current is observed. Their formal ICRN product is 20.2 μV at 4.2 K, which is decreased to 6.5 μV when taking Iex into account. Fabrication methods to increase this value are discussed. Additionally, measurements on GB junctions of BaFe2(As0.66P0.34)2 thin films on LSAT bicrystalline substrates are shown. Their symmetric RSJ/flux flow-behavior exhibits a formal ICRN product of 45 μV, whereas the excess corrected value is ll μV.
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    Fe1-xNix alloy nanoparticles encapsulated inside carbon nanotubes: Controlled synthesis, structure and magnetic properties
    (Basel : MDPI AG, 2018) Ghunaim, R.; Damm, C.; Wolf, D.; Lubk, A.; Büchner, B.; Mertig, M.; Hampel, S.
    In the present work, different synthesis procedures have been demonstrated to fill carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with Fe1-xNix alloy nanoparticles (x = 0.33, 0.5). CNTs act as templates for the encapsulation of magnetic nanoparticles, and provide a protective shield against oxidation as well as prevent nanoparticles agglomeration. By variation of the reaction parameters, the purity of the samples, degree of filling, the composition and size of filling nanoparticles have been tailored and therefore the magnetic properties. The samples were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Bright-field (BF) TEM tomography, X-ray powder diffraction, superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The Fe1-x Nix-filled CNTs show a huge enhancement in the coercive fields compared to the corresponding bulk materials, which make them excellent candidates for several applications such as magnetic storage devices.
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    Increasing the performance of a superconducting spin valve using a Heusler alloy
    (Frankfurt am Main : Beilstein-Institut zur Förderung der Chemischen Wissenschaften, 2018) Kamashev, A.A.; Validov, A.A.; Schumann, J.; Kataev, V.; Büchner, B.; Fominov, Y.V.; Garifullin, I.A.
    We have studied superconducting properties of spin-valve thin-layer heterostructures CoOx/F1/Cu/F2/Cu/Pb in which the ferromagnetic F1 layer was made of Permalloy while for the F2 layer we have taken a specially prepared film of the Heusler alloy Co2Cr1-xFexAl with a small degree of spin polarization of the conduction band. The heterostructures demonstrate a significant superconducting spin-valve effect, i.e., a complete switching on and offof the superconducting current flowing through the system by manipulating the mutual orientations of the magnetization of the F1 and F2 layers. The magnitude of the effect is doubled in comparison with the previously studied analogous multilayers with the F2 layer made of the strong ferromagnet Fe. Theoretical analysis shows that a drastic enhancement of the switching effect is due to a smaller exchange field in the heterostructure coming from the Heusler film as compared to Fe. This enables to approach an almost ideal theoretical magnitude of the switching in the Heusler-based multilayer with a F2 layer thickness of ca. 1 nm. © 2018 Kamashev et al.
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    Effect of nematic ordering on electronic structure of FeSe
    (London : Nature Publishing Group, 2016) Fedorov, A.; Yaresko, A.; Kim, T.K.; Kushnirenko, Y.; Haubold, E.; Wolf, T.; Hoesch, M.; Grüneis, A.; Büchner, B.; Borisenko, S.V.
    Electronically driven nematic order is often considered as an essential ingredient of high-temperature superconductivity. Its elusive nature in iron-based superconductors resulted in a controversy not only as regards its origin but also as to the degree of its influence on the electronic structure even in the simplest representative material FeSe. Here we utilized angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations to study the influence of the nematic order on the electronic structure of FeSe and determine its exact energy and momentum scales. Our results strongly suggest that the nematicity in FeSe is electronically driven, we resolve the recent controversy and provide the necessary quantitative experimental basis for a successful theory of superconductivity in iron-based materials which takes into account both, spin-orbit interaction and electronic nematicity.