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    Tomonaga–Luttinger liquid behavior and spinon confinement in YbAlO 3
    ([London] : Nature Publishing Group UK, 2019) Wu, L.S.; Nikitin, S.E.; Wang, Z.; Zhu, W.; Batista, C.D.; Tsvelik, A.M.; Samarakoon, A.M.; Tennant, D.A.; Brando, M.; Vasylechko, L.; Frontzek, M.; Savici, A.T.; Sala, G.; Ehlers, G.; Christianson, A.D.; Lumsden, M.D.; Podlesnyak, A.
    Low dimensional quantum magnets are interesting because of the emerging collective behavior arising from strong quantum fluctuations. The one-dimensional (1D) S = 1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnet is a paradigmatic example, whose low-energy excitations, known as spinons, carry fractional spin S = 1/2. These fractional modes can be reconfined by the application of a staggered magnetic field. Even though considerable progress has been made in the theoretical understanding of such magnets, experimental realizations of this low-dimensional physics are relatively rare. This is particularly true for rare-earth-based magnets because of the large effective spin anisotropy induced by the combination of strong spin–orbit coupling and crystal field splitting. Here, we demonstrate that the rare-earth perovskite YbAlO3 provides a realization of a quantum spin S = 1/2 chain material exhibiting both quantum critical Tomonaga–Luttinger liquid behavior and spinon confinement–deconfinement transitions in different regions of magnetic field–temperature phase diagram.
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    Imaging and writing magnetic domains in the non-collinear antiferromagnet Mn3Sn
    ([London] : Nature Publishing Group UK, 2019) Reichlova, Helena; Janda, Tomas; Godinho, Joao; Markou, Anastasios; Kriegner, Dominik; Schlitz, Richard; Zelezny, Jakub; Soban, Zbynek; Bejarano, Mauricio; Schultheiss, Helmut; Nemec, Petr; Jungwirth, Tomas; Felser, Claudia; Wunderlich, Joerg; Goennenwein, Sebastian T. B.
    Non-collinear antiferromagnets are revealing many unexpected phenomena and they became crucial for the field of antiferromagnetic spintronics. To visualize and prepare a well-defined domain structure is of key importance. The spatial magnetic contrast, however, remains extraordinarily difficult to be observed experimentally. Here, we demonstrate a magnetic imaging technique based on a laser induced local thermal gradient combined with detection of the anomalous Nernst effect. We employ this method in one the most actively studied representatives of this class of materials—Mn3Sn. We demonstrate that the observed contrast is of magnetic origin. We further show an algorithm to prepare a well-defined domain pattern at room temperature based on heat assisted recording principle. Our study opens up a prospect to study spintronics phenomena in non-collinear antiferromagnets with spatial resolution.
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    Pressure-tuning the quantum spin Hamiltonian of the triangular lattice antiferromagnet Cs2CuCl4
    ([London] : Nature Publishing Group UK, 2019) Zvyagin, S.A.; Graf, D.; Sakurai, T.; Kimura, S.; Nojiri, H.; Wosnitza, J.; Ohta, H.; Ono, T.; Tanaka, H.
    Quantum triangular-lattice antiferromagnets are important prototype systems to investigate numerous phenomena of the geometrical frustration in condensed matter. Apart from highly unusual magnetic properties, they possess a rich phase diagram (ranging from an unfrustrated square lattice to a quantum spin liquid), yet to be confirmed experimentally. One major obstacle in this area of research is the lack of materials with appropriate (ideally tuned) magnetic parameters. Using Cs2CuCl4 as a model system, we demonstrate an alternative approach, where, instead of the chemical composition, the spin Hamiltonian is altered by hydrostatic pressure. The approach combines high-pressure electron spin resonance and r.f. susceptibility measurements, allowing us not only to quasi-continuously tune the exchange parameters, but also to accurately monitor them. Our experiments indicate a substantial increase of the exchange coupling ratio from 0.3 to 0.42 at a pressure of 1.8 GPa, revealing a number of emergent field-induced phases.