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Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
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    Ultrathin gold nanowires for transparent electronics: breaking barriers
    (Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2016) Gonzalez-Garcia, Lola; Maurer, Johannes H.M.; Reiser, Beate; Kanelidis, Ioannis; Kraus, Tobias
    Novel types of Transparent Conductive Materials (TCMs) based on metal nanostructures are discussed. Dispersed metal nanoparticles can be deposited from liquids with moderate thermal budgets to form conductive films that are suitable for thin-film solar cells, displays, touch screens, and nanoelectronics. We aim at new TCMs that combine high electrical conductivity with optical transparency and mechanical flexibility. Wet-processed films of randomly arranged metallic nanowires networks are commercially established and provide a relatively cost-effective, scalable production. Ultrathin gold nanowires (AuNWs) with diameters below 2 nm and high aspect ratios have recently become available. They combine mechanical flexibility, high optical transparency, and chemical inertness. AuNWs carry oleylamine capping ligands from synthesis that cause high contact resistances at their junctions. We investigated different annealing processes based on temperature and plasma treatment, to remove the ligands after deposition and to allow electrical conductivity. Their effect on the resulting nanostructure and on the material properties was studied. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and optical spectroscopy revealed changes in the microstructure for the different post-treatments. We found that the conductivity and the stability of the TCM depended strongly on its final microstructure. We demonstrate that the best results are obtained using H2-plasma treatment.
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    Mathematical model for a heat pump dryer for aromatic plant
    (Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2013) Hossain, Mohammed Ayub; Gottschalk, Klaus; Hassan, Mohammad Shoeb
    A mathematical model was developed to evaluate the performance of heat pump dryer for drying of aromatic plants. The model consists of three sub-models; namely, drying model, heat pump model, and performance model. Drying model was developed based on mass balance, heat balance, heat transfer and drying rate equations. Heat pump sub-model consists of some theoretical and empirical equations for estimating the parameters of evaporator, compressor, condenser and expansion valve. The performance sub-model was the equations for prediction of drying efficiency, COP (coefficient of performance), MER (moisture evaporating rate) and SMER (specific moisture evaporating rate). The model was validated with the experimental data. The experiments was conducted in a fixed bed drying of valerian roots (Valeriana officinalis L.) in cooperation with a agricultural company (Agrargenossenschaft Nöbdenitz e.G., Thüringen) in Thüringen, Germany. Data logger was used to record the temperature, relative humidity, humidity ratio and enthalpy of air at different positions of the dryer equipped with different types of sensors. The average drying air temperature was 36.84°C and relative humidity was about 20%. About 89 hours were required to reduce the moisture content of valerian roots from 89 to 9% (wb). The simulated results (temperature, relative humidity and moisture content) agreed well with the experimental results. The average COP, MER and SMER and drying efficiency were 5.45, 140.03 kg/h, 0.038 kg/kWh, and 78.23%, respectively. This model may be used for design data for heat pump dryer for drying of aromatic plants as well as other heat sensitive crops.
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    ISense: A portable ultracold-atom-based gravimeter
    (Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2011) de Angelis, M.; Angonin, M.C.; Beaufils, Q.; Becker, Ch.; Bertoldi, A.; Bongs, K.; Bourdel, T.; Bouyer, P.; Boyer, V.; Dörscher, S.; Duncker, H.; Ertmer, W.; Fernholz, T.; Fromhold, T.M.; Herr, W.; Krüger, P.; Kürbis, Ch.; Mellor, C.J.; Pereira Dos Santos, F.; Peters, A.; Poli, N.; Popp, M.; Prevedelli, M.; Rasel, E.M.; Rudolph, J.; Schreck, F.; Sengstock, K.; Sorrentino, F.; Stellmer, S.; Tino, G.M.; Valenzuela, T.; Wendrich, T.J.; Wicht, A.; Windpassinger, P.; Wolf, P.
    We present iSense, a recently initiated FET project aiming to use Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to develop a platform for portable quantum sensors based on cold atoms. A prototype of backpack-size highprecision force sensor will be built to demonstrate the concept.
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    Electrical conductivity and gas-sensing properties of Mg-doped and undoped single-crystalline In2O3 thin films: Bulk vs. surface
    (Amsterdam : Elsevier, 2015) Rombach, J.; Bierwagen, O.; Papadogianni, A.; Mischo, M.; Cimalla, V.; Berthold, T.; Krischok, S.; Himmerlich, M.
    This study aims to provide a better fundamental understanding of the gas-sensing mechanism of In2O3-based conductometric gas sensors. In contrast to typically used polycrystalline films, we study single crystalline In2O3 thin films grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) as a model system with reduced complexity. Electrical conductance of these films essentially consists of two parallel contributions: the bulk of the film and the surface electron accumulation layer (SEAL). Both these contributions are varied to understand their effect on the sensor response. Conductance changes induced by UV illumination in air, which forces desorption of oxygen adatoms on the surface, give a measure of the sensor response and show that the sensor effect is only due to the SEAL contribution to overall conductance. Therefore, a strong sensitivity increase can be expected by reducing or eliminating the bulk conductivity in single crystalline films or the intra-grain conductivity in polycrystalline films. Gas-response measurements in ozone atmosphere test this approach for the real application.