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    Occurrence of Flux Jumps in MgB2 Bulk Magnets during Pulse-Field Magnetization
    (Bristol : IOP Publ., 2020) Sakai, N.; Oka, T.; Yamanaka, K.; Dadiel, L.; Oki, H.; Ogawa, J.; Fukui, S.; Scheiter, J.; Häßler, W.; Yokoyama, K; Noudem, J.; Miryala, M.; Murakami, M.
    The magnetic flux capturing of MgB2 bulk magnets made by spark plasma sintering process has been precisely investigated to clarify the mechanism of flux motions during the pulse-field magnetization processes. The field trapping ratio B T/B P was evaluated as a key parameter of field trapping ability which strongly relates to the heat generation due to the rapid flux motion in the samples. The time dependence of magnetic flux density revealed the actual flux motion which penetrated the samples. The trapped fields B T and field trapping ratios B T/B P of various samples were classified into three regions of 'no flux flow', 'fast flux flow' and 'flux jump' according to the generation of heat and its propagation. A flux jump was observed late at 280 ms from the beginning of PFM process, while the field penetration B P showed its peak at 10 ms. Considering the heat propagation speed, the long-delayed flux jump should be attributed to the macroscopic barriers against the heat propagation to the surface centre of bulk magnet. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
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    Towards a reliable bridge joint between REBCO coated conductors
    (Bristol : IOP Publ., 2020) Kirchner, A.; Nielsch, K.; Hühne, R.
    REBa2Cu3O7-x (REBCO; RE = Y, Gd) coated conductor wires are commercially available up to a length of about 1 km. However, for large-scale devices like superconducting coils for high-field magnets several kilometres of a coated conductors are required. Therefore, it is desirable to use joints, which exhibit similar superconducting properties as the coated conductor itself. In this study, we jointed commercial REBCO coated conductors by a two-step procedure. At first, a superconducting soldering solution was developed and deposited on unstabilized coated conductors via chemical solution deposition. The soldering precursor is based on a Cu-rich solution with a metal cation ratio Y:Ba:Cu of 1:2:4. Secondly, a piece of the coated conductor was delaminated between the superconducting and the buffer layer and used as bridge between two other conductors covered with the soldering layer. Annealing the resulting bridge joint under pressure results in a mechanical stable configuration. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
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    Magnetic Flux Trapping and Flux Jumps in Pulsed Field Magnetizing Processes in REBCO and Mg-B Bulk Magnets
    (Bristol : IOP Publ., 2020) Oka, T.; Takeda, A.; Oki, H.; Yamanaka, K.; Dadiel, L.; Yokoyama, K.; Häßler, W.; Scheiter, J.; Sakai, N.; Murakami, M.
    Pulsed-field magnetization technique (PFM) is expected as a cheap and an easy way for HTS bulk materials for utilizing as intense magnets. As the generation of heat due to magnetic flux motion in bulk magnets causes serious degradation of captured fields, it is important to investigate the flux motions during PFM in various field applications. The authors precisely measured the magnetic flux motion in the cryocooled MgB2 bulk magnets containing various amount of Ti. We classified the motions to "no flux flow (NFF)", "fast flux flow (FFF)", and "flux jump (FJ)" regions. The results showed that addition of Ti shifts the field invasion area to high field areas, and expands the NFF regions. The highest field-trapping appears at the upper end of the NFF region. Since the heat generation and its propagation should attribute to the dissipation of magnetic flux, FFF leads to FJ. Compared with MgB2, we referred to GdBCO as for the flux motion. A flux jump was observed at 30 K when the pulse field of 7 T was applied to the preactivated sample, showing its stability against FJ. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
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    On the growth of Co-doped BaFe2As2 thin films on CaF2
    (Bristol : IOP Publ., 2019) Langer, Marco; Meyer, Sven; Ackermann, Kai; Grünewald, Lukas; Kauffmann-Weiss, Sandra; Aswartham, Saicharan; Wurmehl, Sabine; Hänisch, Jens; Holzapfel, Bernhard
    The competition between phase formation of BaF2 and Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 on CaF2 single crystals has been analysed. Ba(Fe0.92Co0.08)2As2 thin films have been deposited by pulsed laser deposition. X-ray diffraction, atomic force microscopy and scanning electron microscopy studies have revealed that the formation of secondary phases and misorientations as well as the growth modes of the Ba(Fe0.92Co0.08)2As2 thin films strongly depend on the growth rate. At high growth rates, formation of BaF2 is suppressed. The dependency of the Ba(Fe0.92Co0.08)2As2 lattice parameters supports the idea of fluorine diffusion into the crystal structure upon suppression of BaF2 formation similar as was proposed for FeSe1-xTex thin films on CaF2. Furthermore, a growth mode transition from a layer growth mechanism to a three-dimensional growth mode at high supersaturation has been found, suggesting similarities between the growth mechanism of iron-based superconductors and high-T c cuprate thin films. © 2019 Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.