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Now showing 1 - 10 of 14
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    ATMODAT Standard v3.0
    (Hamburg : DKRZ, 2020) Gasnke, Anette; Kraft, Angelina; Kaiser, Amandine; Heydebreck, Daniel; Lammert, Andrea; Höck, Heinke; Thiemann, Hannes; Voss, Vivien; Grawe, David; Leitl, Bernd; Schlünzen, K. Heinke; Kretzschmar, Jan; Quaas, Johannes
    Within the AtMoDat project (Atmospheric Model Data), a standard has been developed which is meant for improving the FAIRness of atmospheric model data published in repositories. The ATMODAT standard includes concrete recommendations related to the maturity, publication and enhanced FAIRness of atmospheric model data. The suggestions include requirements for rich metadata with controlled vocabularies, structured landing pages, file formats (netCDF) and the structure within files. Human- and machine readable landing pages are a core element of this standard, and should hold and present discipline-specific metadata on simulation and variable level. This standard is an updated and translated version of "Bericht über initialen Kernstandard und Kurationskriterien des AtMoDat Projektes (v2.4)
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    Train-the-Trainer Konzept zum Thema Forschungsdatenmanagement - Version 3.1
    (Meyrin : CERN, 2020-12-18) Biernacka, Katarzyna; Buchholz, Petra; Danker, Sarah Ann; Dolzycka, Dominika; Engelhardt, Claudia; Helbig, Kerstin; Jacob, Juliane; Neumann, Janna; Odebrecht, Carolin; Wiljes, Cord; Wuttke, Ulrike
    Im Rahmen des BMBF-Projekts FDMentor wurde ein deutschsprachiges Train-the-Trainer Programm zum Thema Forschungsdatenmanagement (FDM) erstellt, das nach Projektende durch Mitglieder der UAG Schulungen/Fortbildungen der DINI/nestor-AG Forschungsdaten ergänzt und aktualisiert wurde. Die behandelten Themen umfassen sowohl die Aspekte des Forschungsdatenmanagements als auch didaktische Einheiten zu Lernkonzepten, Workshopgestaltung und eine Reihe von didaktischen Methoden. Die nun veröffentlichte dritte, überarbeitete und erweiterte Version des Train-the-Trainer-Konzepts enthält Einheiten zu Methoden und Materialien für Online-Veranstaltungen. Erste Erfahrungen aus bereits online durchgeführten Train-the-Trainer-Workshops sind zusätzlich in das Konzept eingeflossen. Die mit dieser Version eingeführten didaktischen Methoden für Online-Veranstaltungen sollen die geschulten Trainer*innen dabei unterstützen, ihre Schulungsangebote auch im virtuellen Raum lebendig und interaktiv zu gestalten und dient somit auch der weitergehenden Information der bereits geschulten Teilnehmer*innen. An English version of the "Train-the-Trainer Konzept zum Forschungsdatenmanagement" is available under
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    Metadatenschema für Schulungsmaterialien zum Thema Forschungsdatenmanagement
    (Meyrin : CERN, 2020-04-27) Biernacka, Katarzyna; Danker, Sarah Ann; Engelhardt, Claudia; Helbig, Kerstin; Hendriks, Sonja; Jacob, Juliane; Jagusch, Gerald; Lanza, Giacomo; Leone, Claudio; Meier, Kristin; Neumann, Janna; Odebrecht, Carolin; Peters, Karsten; Rehwald, Stephanie; Rex, Jessica; Senft, Matthias; Strauch, Annette; Thiemann, Kathrin; Trautwein-Bruns, Ute; Wiljes, Cord; Wuttke, Ulrike; Ziedorn, Frauke
    Das Dokument enthält ein Metadatenschema für Schulungsmaterialien zum Thema Forschungsdatenmanagement. Dieses Schema wurde von der UAG Schulungen/Fortbildungen der DINI/nestor AG Forschungsdaten erstellt und bei der Materialsammlung von FDM-Schulungsmaterialien unter umgesetzt.
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    Cascade Synthesis of Pyrroles from Nitroarenes with Benign Reductants Using a Heterogeneous Cobalt Catalyst
    (Weinheim : Wiley-VCH, 2020) Ryabchuk, Pavel; Leischner, Thomas; Kreyenschulte, Carsten; Spannenberg, Anke; Junge, Kathrin; Beller, Matthias
    A bifunctional 3d-metal catalyst for the cascade synthesis of diverse pyrroles from nitroarenes is presented. The optimal catalytic system Co/NGr-C@SiO2-L is obtained by pyrolysis of a cobalt-impregnated composite followed by subsequent selective leaching. In the presence of this material, (transfer) hydrogenation of easily available nitroarenes and subsequent Paal–Knorr/Clauson-Kass condensation provides >40 pyrroles in good to high yields using dihydrogen, formic acid, or a CO/H2O mixture (WGSR conditions) as reductant. In addition to the favorable step economy, this straightforward domino process does not require any solvents or external co-catalysts. The general synthetic utility of this methodology was demonstrated on a variety of functionalized substrates including the preparation of biologically active and pharmaceutically relevant compounds, for example, (+)-Isamoltane. © 2020 The Authors. Published by Wiley-VCH GmbH
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    Broad consent under the GDPR : an optimistic perspective on a bright future
    (Berlin ; Heidelberg [u.a.] : Springer Open, 2020) Hallinan, Dara
    Broad consent-the act of gaining one consent for multiple potential future research projects-sits at the core of much current genomic research practice. Since the 25th May 2018, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) has applied as valid law concerning genomic research in the EU and now occupies a dominant position in the legal landscape. Yet, the position of the GDPR concerning broad consent has recently been cause for concern in the genomic research community. Whilst the text of the GDPR apparently supports the practice, recent jurisprudence contains language which is decidedly less positive. This article takes an in-depth look at the situation concerning broad consent under the GDPR and-despite the understandable concern flowing from recent jurisprudence-offers a positive outlook. This positive outlook is argued from three perspectives, each of which is significant in defining the current, and ongoing, legitimacy and utility of broad consent under the GDPR: The principled, the legal technical, and the practical. © 2020 The Author(s).
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    The Berlin principles on one health - Bridging global health and conservation
    (Amsterdam [u.a.] : Elsevier Science, 2020) Gruetzmacher, Kim; Karesh, William B.; Amuasi, John H.; Arshad, Adnan; Farlow, Andrew; Gabrysch, Sabine; Jetzkowitz, Jens; Lieberman, Susan; Palmer, Clare; Winkler, Andrea S.; Walzer, Chris
    For over 15-years, proponents of the One Health approach have worked to consistently interweave components that should never have been separated and now more than ever need to be re-connected: the health of humans, non-human animals, and ecosystems. We have failed to heed the warning signs. A One Health approach is paramount in directing our future health in this acutely and irrevocably changed world. COVID-19 has shown us the exorbitant cost of inaction. The time to act is now. © 2020
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    Melt Electrowriting of Scaffolds with a Porosity Gradient to Mimic the Matrix Structure of the Human Trabecular Meshwork
    (New York : Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 2022) Włodarczyk-Biegun, Małgorzata K.; Villiou, Maria; Koch, Marcus; Muth, Christina; Wang, Peixi; Ott, Jenna; del Campo, Aranzazu
    The permeability of the Human Trabecular Meshwork (HTM) regulates eye pressure via a porosity gradient across its thickness modulated by stacked layers of matrix fibrils and cells. Changes in HTM porosity are associated with increases in intraocular pressure and the progress of diseases like glaucoma. Engineered HTMs could help to understand the structure-function relation in natural tissues, and lead to new regenerative solutions. Here, melt electrowriting (MEW) is explored as a biofabrication technique to produce fibrillar, porous scaffolds that mimic the multilayer, gradient structure of native HTM. Poly(caprolactone) constructs with a height of 125-500 μm and fiber diameters of 10-12 μm are printed. Scaffolds with a tensile modulus between 5.6 and 13 MPa, and a static compression modulus in the range of 6-360 kPa are obtained by varying the scaffolds design, i.e., density and orientation of the fibers and number of stacked layers. Primary HTM cells attach to the scaffolds, proliferate, and form a confluent layer within 8-14 days, depending on the scaffold design. High cell viability and cell morphology close to that in the native tissue are observed. The present work demonstrates the utility of MEW to reconstruct complex morphological features of natural tissues.
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    Quantifying the parameter dependent basin of the unsafe regime of asymmetric Lévy-noise-induced critical transitions
    (Dordrecht [u.a.] : Springer, 2021) Ma, Jinzhong; Xu, Yong; Li, Yongge; Tian, Ruilan; Ma, Shaojuan; Kurths, J.
    In real systems, the unpredictable jump changes of the random environment can induce the critical transitions (CTs) between two non-adjacent states, which are more catastrophic. Taking an asymmetric Lévy-noise-induced tri-stable model with desirable, sub-desirable, and undesirable states as a prototype class of real systems, a prediction of the noise-induced CTs from the desirable state directly to the undesirable one is carried out. We first calculate the region that the current state of the given model is absorbed into the undesirable state based on the escape probability, which is named as the absorbed region. Then, a new concept of the parameter dependent basin of the unsafe regime (PDBUR) under the asymmetric Lévy noise is introduced. It is an efficient tool for approximately quantifying the ranges of the parameters, where the noise-induced CTs from the desirable state directly to the undesirable one may occur. More importantly, it may provide theoretical guidance for us to adopt some measures to avert a noise-induced catastrophic CT. © 2021, The Author(s).
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    The First Report of mcr-1-Carrying Escherichia coli Originating from Animals in Serbia
    (Basel : MDPI, 2021) Mišić, Dušan; Kiskaroly, Ferenc; Szostak, Michael P.; Cabal, Adriana; Ruppitsch, Werner; Bernreiter-Hofer, Tanja; Milovanovic, Viktoria; Feßler, Andrea T.; Allerberger, Franz; Spergser, Joachim; Müller, Elke; Schwarz, Stefan; Braun, Sascha D.; Monecke, Stefan; Ehricht, Ralf; Korus, Maciej; Benković, Damir; Korzeniowska, Malgorzata; Loncaric, Igor
    The aim of this study was continuous monitoring of the presence of mcr-1 to mcr-5 genes in Enterobacterales isolated from cattle, pigs, and domestic poultry at intensive breeding facilities in Northern Vojvodina, Serbia, from 1 January 1 to 1 October 2020. Out of 2167 examined samples, mcr-1 was observed in five E. coli isolates originating from healthy turkeys. Four isolates belonged to the phylogenetic group B1, and one isolate to the phylogenetic group A. Detected E. coli serogenotypes (somatic O and flagellar H antigens) were O8:H25 and O29:H25. Core-genome multi-locus sequence typing (cgMLST) revealed three ST58 isolates clustering together in Clonal Complex (CC) 155 and two singletons of ST641-CC86 and ST410-CC23, respectively. Clonotyping revealed CH4-32 (n = 3), CH6-53 (n = 1) and CH4-24 (n = 1). In all isolates, the mcr-1 gene was located on a large IncX4 replicon type plasmid. Eight virulence-associated genes (VAGs) typical of avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) (fyuA, fimH, hlyF, iss, ompT, sitA, traT, iroN) were detected in four isolates. These isolates were investigated for susceptibility to four biocides and revealed MIC values of 0.125% for glutardialdehyde, of 0.00003-0.00006% for chlorohexidine, of 4-6% for isopropanol and of 0.001-0.002% for benzalkonium chloride. All obtained MIC values of the tested biocides were comparable to the reference strain, with no indication of possible resistance. This is the first report of mcr-1.1-carrying E. coli from Serbia. Although only samples from turkeys were mcr-positive in this study, continuous monitoring of livestock samples is advised to prevent a spill-over from animals to humans.
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    Gelation kinetics of thiol-methylsulfone (MS) hydrogel formulations for 3D cell culture
    (Washington, D.C. : American Chemical Society, 2022) de Miguel-Jiménez, Adrián; Ebeling, Bastian; Paez, Julieta I.; Fink-Straube, Claudia; Pearson, Samuel; del Campo, Aranzazu
    Crosslinking chemistries that allow hydrogel formation within minutes are essential to achieve homogeneous networks and cell distributions in 3D cell culture. Thiol-methylsulfone (MS) crosslinking chemistry offers minutes-scale gelation under near-physiological conditions showing many desirable attributes for 3D cell encapsulation. Here we investigate the gelation kinetics and mechanical properties of PEG-based hydrogels formed by thiol-tetrazole methylsulfone (TzMS) crosslinking as a function of buffer, crosslinker structure, and degree of TzMS functionalization. Appropriate buffer selection ensured constant pH throughout crosslinking. The formulation containing cell adhesive ligand RGD and enzymatically-degradable peptide VPM gelled in ca. 4 min at pH 7.5, and stiffness could be increased from hundreds of Pascals to > 1 kPa by using excess VPM. The gelation times and stiffnesses for these hydrogels are highly suitable for 3D cell encapsulations, and pave the way for reliable 3D cell culture workflows in pipetting robots.