Aerosol layer heights above Tajikistan during the CADEX campaign

Abstract

Mineral dust influences climate and weather by direct and indirect effects. Surrounded by dust sources, Central Asian countries are affected by atmospheric mineral dust on a regular basis. Climate change effects like glacier retreat and desertification are prevalent in Central Asia as well. Therefore, the role of dust in the climate system in Central Asia needs to be clarified and quantified. During the Central Asian Dust EXperiment (CADEX) first lidar observations in Tajikistan were conducted. Long-term vertically resolved aerosol measurements were performed with the multiwavelength polarization Raman lidar PollyXT from March 2015 to August 2016 in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. In this contribution, a climatology of the aerosol layer heights is presented, which was retrieved from the 18-month lidar measurements. Automatic detection based on backscatter coefficient thresholds were used to retrieve the aerosol layer heights and yield similar layer heights as manual layer height determination. The significant aerosol layer height has a maximum in summer and a minimum in winter. The highest layers occurred in spring, but in summer uppermost layer heights above 6 km AGL are frequent, too. © 2019 The Authors, published by EDP Sciences.

Description
Keywords
Aerosols, Climate change, Optical radar, Aerosol measurement, Atmospheric mineral dust, Automatic Detection, Backscatter coefficients, Height determination, Indirect effects, Lidar measurements, Lidar observation
Citation
Citation
Hofer, J., Althausen, D., Abdullaev, S. F., Nazarov, B. I., Makhmudov, A. N., Baars, H., et al. (2019). Aerosol layer heights above Tajikistan during the CADEX campaign. 99. Les Ulis : EDP Sciences. https://doi.org//10.1051/e3sconf/20199902009