A compact laboratory transmission X-ray microscope for the water window

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Date
2013
Volume
463
Issue
1
Journal Title
Title
Series Titel
Publisher
Bristol : Institute of Physics Publishing
Abstract

In the water window (2.2-4.4 nm) the attenuation of radiation in water is significantly smaller than in organic material. Therefore, intact biological specimen (e.g. cells) can be investigated in their natural environment. In order to make this technique accessible to users in a laboratory environment a Full-Field Laboratory Transmission X-ray Microscope (L-TXM) has been developed. The L-TXM is operated with a nitrogen laser plasma source employing an InnoSlab high power laser system for plasma generation. For microscopy the Ly α emission of highly ionized nitrogen at 2.48 nm is used. A laser plasma brightness of 5 × 1011 photons/(s × sr × μm2 in line at 2.48 nm) at a laser power of 70 W is demonstrated. In combination with a state-of-the-art Cr/V multilayer condenser mirror the sample is illuminated with 106 photons/(μm2 × s). Using objective zone plates 35-40 nm lines can be resolved with exposure times < 60 s. The exposure time can be further reduced to 20 s by the use of new multilayer condenser optics and operating the laser at its full power of 130 W. These exposure times enable cryo tomography in a laboratory environment.

Description
Keywords
Gas lasers, High power lasers, Laboratories, Laser beams, Laser produced plasmas, Light, Multilayers, Nitrogen, Nitrogen plasma, Photons, Plasma interactions, Biological specimens, High-power laser systems, Laboratory environment, Natural environments, Organic materials, Plasma generation, State of the art, Transmission x-rays, X ray microscopes
Citation
Legall, H., Stiel, H., Blobel, G., Seim, C., Baumann, J., Yulin, S., et al. (2013). A compact laboratory transmission X-ray microscope for the water window. 463(1). https://doi.org//10.1088/1742-6596/463/1/012013
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License
CC BY 3.0 Unported