Chemical insights into the base-tuned hydrothermal treatment of side stream biomasses

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Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry

Herein, we analyzed the hydrothermal processes applied to four very different side stream biomasses (chestnut foliage, sugar beet pressing chips, pine bark and branches from park cleaning, bamboo cuts) and identified diverse soluble products depending on the starting pH of the reaction, covering mild to strong basic pH conditions. Despite the biological diversity of the starting products, hydrothermal disintegration of biomass results in a remarkable reduction of chemical diversity towards a controllable number of molecular products, and the well-resolved and rather simple NMR-spectra allow the assignment of the products to only a few families of compounds. It has been revealed that in comparison with the classical hydrothermal treatment, where mostly hydrochar is produced, molar excess of base shifts the hydrothermal treatment towards a humification process. A further increase of the base content causes destruction of the biomass into the more oxygenated homogeneous colloid and thus, for the first time, it can be assigned to the hydrothermal fulvication process. We discuss diverse valorization schemes depending on the biomass and conditions applied.

% reductions, Basic pH, Chemical diversity, Hydrothermal process, Hydrothermal treatments, pH condition, Pine bark, Pressung, Side streams, Simple++
Tkachenko, V., Marzban, N., Vogl, S., Filonenko, S., & Antonietti, M. (2022). Chemical insights into the base-tuned hydrothermal treatment of side stream biomasses (Version publishedVersion, Vol. 7). Version publishedVersion, Vol. 7. Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry.